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Nuclear-Powered Supercarrier

Soviet Union | 1988

"The Soviet nuclear-powered supercarrier that never was - the Ulyanovsk - was cancelled with the collapse of the Soviet Empire in 1991."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/13/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
While the Soviet Navy of the Cold War decades fielded some form of aircraft carrier its carrier fleet compared unfavorably to that of the West - in particular that of the United States Navy. The service lacked a true "Blue Water" capability for deploying aircraft so, to remedy this imbalance, it was decided to focus on a new "supercarrier" class of warship to bring the Soviet Navy on par with its enemies. This gave rise to the "Ulyanovsk" aircraft carrier was based on the earlier "Project 1153 OREL" design work. However, neither vessel saw the light in the face of cancellation - the Soviet Navy instead forced to rely on its small carrier fleet, limited surface fleet and advanced submarines force for its deep water show-of-strength.

As designed, Ulyanovsk would have displaced in the 94,000 ton (short) range with measurements made up of an overall length of 1,054 feet, a beam of 275 feet and a draught of 35 feet. Unlike many of the other available Soviet Naval vessels, Ulyanovsk would be completed with a nuclear-powered propulsion system headed by 4 x KN-3 reactors feeding 4 x steam turbines and driving 4 x shafts through 280,000 horsepower output. Maximum speed was estimated at 30 knots in ideal conditions and operational ranges essentially unlimited thanks to the nuclear propulsion scheme. The reactors held a service life of 20 to 25 years. The crew complement was to number 3,400 and local defense provided by 12 x P-700 "Granit" surface-to-surface / "Buk" surface-to-air missile systems. 8 x CADS-N-1 Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWS) would supply a "last-line-of-defense" against incoming aerial threats and be supported through 8 x AK-630 rotating anti-aircraft cannons to boot.

The heart-and-soul of the vessel was a complete collection of varied aircraft types to number sixty-eight in all. Forty-four of these would be represented by the Sukhoi Su-33 "Flanker" or Mikoyan MiG-29K "Fulcrum" fleet defense fighters - these aircraft being navalized versions of their respective land-based counterparts. Yakovlev was to supply six of its proposed Yak-44 aircraft for the Airborne Early Warning (AEW) role, decidedly similar in form and function to the American Grumman E-2 "Hawkeye" line, thought this design did not move beyond the planning stage. The carrier was to also hold support facilities for the launching and recovery of rotary-wing aircraft made up of a fleet of sixteen Kamov Ka-27 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) helicopters and 2 x Kamov Ka-27PS types for Search and Rescue (SAR) actions.

Outwardly, the Ulyanovsk was to take on a conventional deck arrangement following more closely to the established American standard. The island superstructure would be seated near midships along the starboard side and three hangar elevators (two starboard, one port) were featured to provide access to the flight deck and lower hangar decks. Four catapults would be in play, two launching aircraft from the bow and two more launching over the portside. The bow would be completed with a "ski ramp" type lifting device to allow aircraft to become airborne in short order - a feature common to the smaller Soviet carriers of the period as well as those in service to European powers.

The carrier was ordered on June 11th, 1986 and saw her keel laid down on November 25th, 1988 at shipyard Nikolayev 444 (the Black Sea Shipyard). It was originally to carry the name of "Kremlin" but this was later changed to "Ulyanovsk" to honor Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin (his birth name was "Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov"). Despite a planned launch date sometime in 1995, the vessel was undertaken during a period of upheaval concerning the Soviet Empire and the country collapsed into ruin during 1991, leaving many-a-military-program without the needed funding, material or political support to continue. As such, Ulyanovsk's construction was ended, her name officially struck on November 1st, 1991. At the time of her cancellation, she lay just 20% completed. Her remains were then sold for scrapping by the end of 1992.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for Ulyanovsk.
4 x KN-3 nuclear reactors with 4 x Steam turbines developing 280,000 shaft horsepower and driving 4 x shafts.
30.0 kts
34.5 mph
Surface Speed
Essentially Unlimited
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of Ulyanovsk.
1,030.0 ft
313.94 meters
O/A Length
84.0 ft
25.60 meters
10.6 ft
3.23 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of Ulyanovsk.
12 x P-700 Granit surface-to-surface missiles / Buk surface-to-air missiles.
8 x CADS-N-S Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs)
8 x AK-630 anti-aircraft cannons
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of Ulyanovsk.
Up to 68 aircraft of various makes and models including Sukhoi Su-33 OR Mikoyan MiG-29K fighters, Yakovlev Yak-44 AEW platforms, Kamov Ka-27 ASW helicopters and Kamov Ka-28PS SAR helicopters.
Ships-in-Class (1)
Notable series variants as part of the Ulyanovsk family line as relating to the Ulyanovsk group.
Ulyanovsk (Simbirsk)
Global operator(s) of the Ulyanovsk. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the Soviet Union

[ Soviet Union ]
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Image of the Ulyanovsk
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Going Further...
Ulyanovsk Nuclear-Powered Supercarrier appears in the following collections:
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