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USS Nimitz (CVN-68)


Nuclear-Powered Aircraft Carrier


United States | 1975



"The USS Nimitz CVN-68 nuclear-powered aircraft carrier became the lead ship of the 10-strong Nimitz-class in service with the United States Navy."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/30/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
One of the most recognizable American Navy names of World War 2 became the name of one of the most identifiable aircraft carriers in the Cold War. The USS Nimitz - named after US Navy Pacific Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz - was the first vessel in her Nimitz-class when launched in the early 1970's and she has developed a storied career through her decades of service. Initially designated as CVAN-68 but redesignated in 1975 to CVN-68, the USS Nimitz still remains one of the largest ocean-going warships ever constructed and represents one of the most powerful offensive weapons in the world.

Design is conventional, with the island superstructure held at starboard. The angled flight deck runs from stern to port and four steam catapults are operated from the angled deck (2) and the straight deck (2). Four hangar elevators service the flight deck with one located port, one starboard abaft of the island and two on the starboard side forward of the island superstructure. Defensive armament consists of 2 x Sea Rolling Airframe Missile launchers and 2 x Mk 29 Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile launchers. Her offensive air arm is made up of 90 aircraft of various makes and types and include the F/A/-18 Hornet strike fighters (formerly F-14 Tomcat interceptors, since retired), EA-6B Prowler airborne electronic warfare, E2-C Hawkeye airborne early warning, S-3B Viking anti-submarine warfare, SH-60/HH-60 Seahawk (helicopters) and C-2A Greyhound transports. All of these systems are further complimented by the offensive and defensive capabilities of her accompanying support vessels when partnered as such.

Being a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the Nimitz is powered by 2 x Westinghouse brand A4W reactors which, in turn, power quadruple steam turbines and 4 x shafts at 260,000 shaft horsepower. The vessel can achieve top speeds just over 30 knots and, due to the nature of the nuclear reactors, has essentially unlimited range. Her complement consists of 3,200 sailors and up to 2,480 members of the air group.

The USS Nimitz set out on an uneventful first deployment and cruised the Mediterranean on her second. She supported the rescue of US Embassy workers in Tehran, Iran after the fall of the Shah in 1979. Rescue helicopters took off from her deck but poor weather in the desert doomed several of the flights in a catastrophic failure for the Americans and a morale boost for the new regime. Nimitz was called back home the following year. The USS Nimitz's powerful air wing was on center stage in the Mediterranean in the 1981 Gulf of Sidre incident off the coast of Libya. Two F-14 Tomcat interceptors were attacked by two Libyan aircraft. The resulting action left both Libyan aircraft destroyed with no loss to the Tomcat group. Nimitz served as a deterrent during the taking of TWA Flight 847 and later at the 1988 Seoul Olympics, providing off-shore security. The volatile 1980's rounded out with standard port visits and security operations.

The early 1990's saw the Nimitz called to support operations related to Desert Storm and later in Southern Watch, the enforcement of the no-fly zone of southern Iraq. More deterrent duties brought her to Taiwan when it was learned that China had begun testing missiles in an obvious show of force. An around-the-world voyage begun on September 1st, 1997 ended on November 13th, 2001 in San Diego, California (now Nimitz's new home port). 2003 would see the vessel supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom with several more Persian Gulf deployments to follow. The USS Nimitz made the news twice in 2008 in an ode to the Cold War when Russian Tu-95 "Bear" bombers passed overhead without communication with the Nimitz crew. Nimitz fighters were ordered aloft when the bombers were within 500 miles on the first occasion and escorted the aircraft away from the vessel, no doubt a test of Nimitz's response capabilities on the part of the Russian crews.

The Nimitz was first ordered in 1967 and laid down the following year by Newport News Shipbuilding in Newport News, Virginia, USA. She was launched in 1972 and officially commissioned in 1975. The vessel fights under the banner of "Teamwork, a Tradition" and carries the affectionate nickname of "Old Salt". As of this writing, she is maintained in active service. The USS Nimitz is the focus of the time-traveling Hollywood science fiction motion picture "The Final Countdown" starring Kirk Douglas and Martin Sheen.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for USS Nimitz (CVN-68).
2 x Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors with 4 x steam turbines developing 260,000 horsepower to 4 x shafts.
Propulsion
30.0 kts
34.5 mph
Surface Speed
Essentially Unlimited
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of USS Nimitz (CVN-68).
5,680
Personnel
Complement
1,092.0 ft
332.84 meters
O/A Length
252.0 ft
76.81 meters
Beam
41.0 ft
12.50 meters
Draught
97,000
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of USS Nimitz (CVN-68).
2 x Sea RAM (Rolling Airframe Missile) launchers
2 x Mk 29 "Sea Sparrow" Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of USS Nimitz (CVN-68).
Up to 90 total aircraft which may include a combination of the following:

Grumman F-14 Tomcat fleet defense fighter (since retired), Boeing/McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 "Hornet" strike fighter, Grumman EA-6B "Prowler" Airborne Electronic Warfare (AEW) aircraft, Grumman E2-C "Hawkeye" Airborne Early Warning (AEW) aircraft, Lockheed S-3B "Viking" Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Sikorsky SH-60/HH-60 "Seahawk" Helicopters, and Grumman C-2A "Greyhound" Carrier On-board Delivery (COD) transport aircraft.
Ships-in-Class (10)
Notable series variants as part of the USS Nimitz (CVN-68) family line as relating to the Nimitz-class group.
USS Nimitz (CVN 69); USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69); USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70); USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71); USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72); USS George Washington (CVN 73); USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74); USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75); USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76); USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the USS Nimitz (CVN-68). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Newport News Shipbuilding - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
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Image of the USS Nimitz (CVN-68)
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database DVIDS.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
FLAG / CAPITAL SHIP
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
USS Nimitz (CVN-68) Nuclear-Powered Aircraft Carrier appears in the following collections:
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