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USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68)


Escort Carrier


United States | 1943



"Escort carriers like USS Kalinin Bay CVE-68 strengthened the United States Navy aircraft carrier inventory considerably during World War 2."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/26/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Casablanca-class escort carriers of the United States Navy (USN) emerged during the fighting of World War 2 (1939-1945). The escort carrier proved its worth, able to haul modest collections of aircraft, supplies, and vehicles to wherever they were needed. Slower and smaller than their larger and faster counterparts, escort carriers had the advantage of be produced in short order and relatively cheaply under wartime conditions. USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68) was just one of the 50-strong Casablanca-class, the warship built by Kaiser Shipyards and laid down on April 26th, 1943. She was launched on October 15th of that year and commissioned as soon as November 27th to take part in the fighting.

Displacement reached 7,800 tons and the vessel managed a running length of 512.2 feet with a beam of 65.1 feet and a draught of 22.5 feet. Power was from 4 x Boilers feeding 2 x Skinner Uniflow 5-cylinder reciprocating engines developing 9,000 horsepower to drive 2 x Shafts under stern. Maximum speed in ideal conditions reached 19 knots and range was out to 10,240 nautical miles.

Aboard was a crew of 860 and an additional 56 men made up the air arm. Armament was modest and strictly for self-defense, comprised of 1 x 5" /38 caliber Dual-Purpose (DP) gun, 16 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns set across eight twin-gunned mountings, and 20 x 20mm Oerlikon AA guns in single-gunned mountings.

The escort carrier carried a full complement of twenty-seven warplanes of various makes and models.

Her design was to the Casablanca-class standard: the island superstructure was offset to starboard and slightly forward of midships. The flat top flight deck was of a straight-through design with no obstructions present save for the island. The deck held a pair of elevators for moving aircraft above and below deck while a single catapult was used for launching. AA weapons were set in "tubs" along the edges of the flight deck, providing a web of defense against enemy aircaft.

USS Kalinin Bay completed its "shakedown" cruiser along the American Pacific Coast in December of 1943 and reached Tarawa later that month by way of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. From there she took part in major campaigns that included the Gilbert and Marshall Islands, Mariana and Palau, the Philippines, and the famous "Battle off Samar" - an American victory. At home for repairs in January of 1945, Kalinin Bay brought more men and machines to Guam via Pearl and served as a replenishment carrier during the final months of the War in the Pacific - 600 warplanes were transferred before the end of the war arrived in August 1945. After the war, she took part in bringing American soldiers home under "Operation Magic Carpet".

USS Kalinin Bay was decommissioned on May 15th, 1946 and sold for scrapping on December 8th of that year.

For her service in the Grand War, Kalinin bay was awarded five Battle Stars as well as the Presidential Unit Citation - such was her contribution to the Allied war effort during the period.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68).
4 x Boilers with 2 x Skinner UnaFlow engines developing 9,000 shaft horsepower to 2 x shafts.
Propulsion
19.0 kts
21.9 mph
Surface Speed
10,241 nm
11,785 miles | 18,966 km
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68).
860
Personnel
Complement
512.2 ft
156.12 meters
O/A Length
108.0 ft
32.92 meters
Beam
22.5 ft
6.86 meters
Draught
7,800
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68).
1 x 5" /38 caliber Dual-Purpose (DP) gun
16 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) cannons (8 x twin-gun mounts).
20 x 20mm Oerlikon Anti-Aircraft (AA) cannons (single mounts).
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68).
Up to 27 aircraft of various makes and models.
Ships-in-Class (50)
Notable series variants as part of the USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68) family line as relating to the Casablanca-class group.
USS Casablanca (CVE-55); USS Liscome Bay (CVE-56); USS Anzio (CVE-57); USS Corregidor (CVE-58); USS Mission Bay (CVE-59); USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60); USS Manila Bay (CVE-61); USS Natoma Bay (CVE-62); USS St. Lo (CVE-63); USS Tripoli (CVE-64); USS Wake Island (CVE-65); USS White Plains (CVE-66); USS Solomons (CVE-67); USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68); USS Kasaan Bay (CVE-69); USS Fanshaw Bay (CVE-70); USS Kitkun Bay (CVE-71); USS Tulagi (CVE-72); USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73); USS Nehenta Bay (CVE-74); USS Hoggatt Bay (CVE-75); USS Kadashan Bay (CVE-76); USS Marcus Island (CVE-77); USS Savo Island (CVE-78); USS Ommaney Bay (CVE-79); USS Petrof Bay (CVE-80); USS Rudyerd Bay (CVE-81); USS Saginaw Bay (CVE-82); USS Sargent Bay (CVE-83); USS Shamrock Bay (CVE-84); USS Shipley Bay (CVE-85); USS Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86); USS Steamer Bay (CVE-87); USS Cape Esperance (CVE-88); USS Takanis Bay (CVE-89); USS Thetis Bay (CVE-90); USS Makassar Strait (CVE-91); USS Windham Bay (CVE-92); USS Makin Island (CVE-93); USS Lunga Point (CVE-94); USS Bismarck Sea (CVE-95); USS Salamaua (CVE-96); USS Hollandia (CVE-97); Kwajalein (CVE-98); Admiralty Islands (CVE-99); USS Bougainville (CVE-100); USS Matanikau (CVE-101); USS Attu (CVE-102); USS Roi (CVE-103); USS Munda (CVE-104)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
FLAG / CAPITAL SHIP
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68) Escort Carrier appears in the following collections:
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