×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
MODERN FLEETS
COUNTRIES
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2

USS Grunion (SS-216)


Conventionally-Powered Attack Submarine (1942)


Naval Warfare

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The final resting place of USS Grunion remained a mystery until recent events unfolded showing the exact location of the submarine.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/30/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Advertisements
The USS Grunion (SS 216) is best known for her mysterious dissappearance. Until recently, little was known of the last whereabouts of the vessel and her 70 crew members. It was known that she had been attacked after experiencing extensive anti-submarine activity off Kiska near the Aleutian Islands but besides her last radio transmission, she was never heard from again - reported lost on August 16, 1942.

The USS Grunion was a Gato-class submarine - one of 77 such submarines produced by the United States of America during World War 2. She sailed away from New London after her shakedown voyage and participated in the rescue of some 16 American sailors in the Caribbean Sea - victims of a German U-boat attack. She would later traverse through Panama and arrive at Pearl Harbor on June 20th before being sent to the Aleutian Islands for combat patrols of enemy shipping.

Grunion operated in these seas throughout the month of July until on July 30th, a transmission was received from her about the high level of anti-submarine activity that was developing. To avoid her falling fate to enemy action, the vessel was ordered back to the relative safety of Dutch Harbor. It is at this time that the Grunion was never heard from again. Rescue searches ensued to no avail.
Advertisements
Fast-forward to August of 2007 and a wreckage of a ship was located in the Bering Sea. The Navy officially acknowledged that the vessel was in fact the USS Grunion in October of 2008 though the cause of her sinking remained a mystery. It is believed that - whilst attacking a Japanese troop transport and surfacing to deliver a final blow with her deck gun - the USS Grunion fell victim to the deck guns of the troop transport, which is believed to have delivered a direct hit to the Grunion's conning tower.

The Grunion was armed with 10 x 533mm torpedo tubes with six facing forward and four facing rear. The vessel was supplied with 24 total torpedoes. A 3" deck gun was provided for anti-ship self-defense and close-range work while 4 x 12.7mm heavy machine guns provided anti-aircraft defense. Power was derived from 4 x General Motors V16 diesel engines coupled to electrical generators. 2 x 126-cell Sargo-type batteries were featured as were 4 x General Electric-brand electric motors. This powerplant system operated the twin propeller shafts.

The USS Grunion was laid down by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut in 1941 and launched the same year. She was officially commissioned in 1942 and became part of the 77-strong Gato-class fleet of American submarine. As an aside, the name "Grunion" is actually a species of small fish related to the silversides family and primarily found on the western coast of the United States. The USS Grunion remains the only sea-going vessel to me named as such. For her service in World War 2, the vessel and her crew received a battle star.

Specifications



Service Year
1942

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Complement
70
PERSONNEL


Class
Gato-class
Number-in-Class
77
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


USS Gato (SS 212); USS Greenling (SS 213); USS Grouper (SS 214); USS Growler (SS 215); USS Grunion (SS 216); USS Guardfish (SS 217); USS Albacore (SS 218); USS Amberjack (SS 219); USS Barb (SS 220); USS Blackfish (SS 221); USS Bluefish (SS 222); USS Bonefish (SS 223); USS Cod (SS 224); USS Cero (SS 225); USS Corvina (SS 226); USS Darter (SS 227); USS Drum (SS 228); USS Flying Fish (SS 229); USS Finback (SS 230); USS Haddock (SS 231); USS Halibut (SS 232); USS Herring (SS 233); USS Kingfish (SS 234); USS Shad (SS 235); USS Silversides (SS 236); USS Trigger (SS 237); USS Wahoo (SS 238); USS Whale (SS 239); USS Angler (SS 240); USS Bashaw (SS 241); USS Bluegill (SS 242); USS Bream (SS 243); USS Cavalla (SS 244); USS Cobia (SS 245); USS Croaker (SS 246); USS Dace (SS 247); USS Dorado (SS 248); USS Flasher (SS 249); USS Flier (SS 250); USS Flounder (SS 251); USS Gabilan (SS 252); USS Gunnel (SS 253); USS Gurnard (SS 254); USS Haddo (SS 255); USS Hake (SS 256); USS Harder (SS 257); USS Hoe (SS 258); USS Jack (SS 259); USS Lapon (SS 260); USS Mingo (SS 261); USS Muskallunge (SS 262); USS Paddle (SS 263); USS Pargo (SS 264); USS Peto (SS 265); USS Pogy (SS 266); USS Pompon (SS 267); USS Puffer (SS 268); USS Rasher (SS 269); USS Raton (SS 270); USS Ray (SS 271); USS Redfin (SS 272); USS Robalo (SS 273); USS Rock (SS 274); USS Runner (SS 275); USS Sawfish (SS 276); USS Scamp (SS 277); USS Scorpion (SS 278); USS Snook (SS 279); USS Steelhead (SS 280); USS Sunfish (SS 281); USS Tunny (SS 282); USS Tinosa (SS 283); USS Tullibee (SS 284); USS Golet (SS 361); USS Guavina (SS 362); USS Guitarro (SS 363); USS Hammerhead (SS 364)


National flag of the United States United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Submerged Attack
Traveling under the surface to search, track, and / or engage or reconnoiter areas.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
311.9 ft
95.07 m
Beam
27.3 ft
8.32 m
Draught
17.0 ft
5.18 m
Displacement
1,525
tons


Installed Power: 4 x General Motors Model 16-248 V16 diesel engines with electrical generators; 2 x 126-cell Sargo-type batteries; 4 x General Electric electric motors; 2 x propellers.
Surface Speed
21.0 kts
(24.2 mph)
Submerged Speed
9.0 kts
(10.4 mph)
Range
10,999 nm
(12,658 mi | 20,371 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
10 x 533mm (21") torpedo tubes (6 forward-facing, 4 rear-facing) with 24 torpedoes.
1 x 76mm (3") deck gun
4 x 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine guns


Supported Types


Graphical image of a modern warship turreted deck gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-