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USS Des Moines (CA-134)


Heavy Cruiser Warship


United States | 1948



"The Des Moines-class was the United States Navy's last all-gun heavy cruiser."



Authored By: JR Potts, AUS 173d AB | Last Edited: 08/16/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Navy's last all gun heavy cruiser was the Des Moines class built by Bethlehem Steel Company Fore River, Quincy, Massachusetts. The United States Navy used the Baltimore class of heavy cruisers as the blue print making Des Moines larger and upgraded with a newly developed a semiautomatic 8" gun. It was obvious that naval planners expected a longer war with twelve cruisers planned. However only three ships of the class were completed, the nine remaining ships were cancelled at the end of World War II. The three were Des Moines CA-134, Salem CA-139, and Newport News CA-148. Designation "CA" stands for heavy cruiser and "CL" stands for light cruiser.

The ship was home to 1500 officers and men who had some of the conveniences of the larger battleships. A crew's lounge, library, retail store, dental and medical spaces, post office, barber shop, soda fountain and laundry. The Des Moines also published its own bi-monthly newspaper, and as on all ships movies were shown nightly. The ship was named "Daisy Mae" from a crew contest to name the onboard ships paper. The name was picked from the popular cartoon strip in the 1950's, "Li'l Abner". The busty blonde bomb shell won the contest and the name stuck as Des Moines nick name.

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Daisy Mae had a varied operating schedule designed to maintain the readiness of the Navy to meet the "24 hour, 7 days a week, 365 days of the year" demands of defense. Her job was to remain ready for the next conflict to come, cruising from her home port at Newport, and after 1950, from Norfolk, she was part of all types of exercises in the North Atlantic, Mediterranean, and in the East coast waters serving as flagship for the 6th Fleet.

On 18 February 1958, she left Norfolk for the Mediterranean once more, this time to remain as flagship for the 6th Fleet until July 1961 when she was placed out of commission in reserve. In her day she served as a lady of diplomacy hosting many dignitaries including, President Dwight Eisenhower, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth of England, King Paul and Queen Fredrika of Greece, Ali Kahn, Prince Albert of Belgium, and many more.

Her class was completed too late for service in World War II, but they were employed extensively as fleet flagships during their active careers. The Des Moines was completed with two stern catapults and had capacity for 4 floatplanes; the catapults were not completed. Instead she operated utility helicopters on the stern with a hanger plus an elevator. Her weapons were massive her main 8 inch/55 caliber guns in three triple turrets had a muzzle velocity of 2,800 ft per second with a range of 30,100 yards. Each shell weighted 260 lbs with armor piercing being 335 lbs. Each 451 ton turret had a crew of 45 men and the guns had the rate of fire of 10 rounds per minute. The ammo resembled the 5 inch having the projectile incased in a brass cartridge. Not having the silk power bag as the propellant increased the rate of fire and the safety for the crew.

After decommissioning in 1961 she was mothballed in the South Boston Naval Annex and eventually at Philadelphia, where she remained until 2006. After an attempt failed to turn her into a museum ship she was towed to Brownsville, Texas, for scrapping, and by July 2007, Daisy Mae was razor blades.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for USS Des Moines (CA-134).
4 x Babcock & Wilcox boilers with General Electric turbines developing 120,000shp to 4 x shafts.
Propulsion
33.0 kts
38.0 mph
Surface Speed
10,502 nm
12,085 miles | 19,449 km
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of USS Des Moines (CA-134).
1,500
Personnel
Complement
716.6 ft
218.42 meters
O/A Length
76.6 ft
23.35 meters
Beam
22.0 ft
6.71 meters
Draught
17,000
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of USS Des Moines (CA-134).
9 x 8" (203mm)/55 caliber guns
12 x 5" (127mm)/38 caliber guns
24 x 3"(76mm)/50 caliber anti-aircraft guns
12 x 20mm anti-aircraft cannons
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of USS Des Moines (CA-134).
INTENDED:
4 x SC-1 Seahawk floatplanes (catapult-launched)

ACTUAL:
1 x HU-2 helicopter
Ships-in-Class (3)
Notable series variants as part of the USS Des Moines (CA-134) family line as relating to the Des Moines-class group.
USS Des Moines (CA-134); USS Salem (CA-139); USS Newport News (CA-148)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the USS Des Moines (CA-134). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
1 / 1
Image of the USS Des Moines (CA-134)

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
OFFSHORE BOMBARDMENT
LAND-ATTACK
MARITIME PATROL
AIRSPACE DENIAL
FLEET SUPPORT
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
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