In the 1960's the range of Polaris Submarine missiles were known to the Soviets and it was apparent that western SSBN's would have to launch in the eastern Mediterranean to hit the Russian heart land. To counter a proposed western strike the Moskva was developed to operate with the Black Sea Fleet. She was deployed with a powerful force of antisubmarine AS helicopters to find and destroy any SSBN menacing the USSR Motherland. So two land locked bodies of water the Black Sea controlled by the Soviet Union and the Mediterranean controlled by the US Navy and her western allies became a type of power stalemate.
The Moskva and her sister ship, the Leningrad, were the Soviet Navy's first launched carriers. They were not true carriers in the since they were not capable in launching fixed wing aircraft. With only helicopters on board the Soviet escort fleet would be needed to protect the carrier against any surface threat. The design was comparable to the French Jeanne d'Arc and the Italian Vittorio Veneto. All had multipurpose naval armament on the forward part of the ship and used the aft for aviation launch and recovery space.
The Moskva shipboard armament included both AA and AS weapons. Two twin SA-N-3 Goblet SAM launchers having a 30km/18.6 mile range with reload for a total of 48 surface-to-air missiles. Additional redundancies included assigning a director to each launch crew. Also a twin SUW-N-1 launcher capable of delivering a FRAS-1 projectile carrying a 450 mm torpedo or a 5 kiloton nuclear warhead with a range of 24km/14.9 miles. The down side of launching this weapon was the short range and the enemy would be well within striking distance. A pair of RBU-6000 ASW mortars along with a set of torpedo tubes that were eventually removed. For self-defense, the Moskvas had two twin 57 mm guns and trailing variable depth sonar working in conjunction with helicopter sensors to hunt submarines. The helicopters had dipping sonar.
These ships were laid down at Nikolayev South Shipyard No.444. The Moskva was launched in 1965 and was commissioned two years later. The second ship in class was the Leningrad that was commissioned in1968. No additional ships were built due to poor handling in rough seas. Both were conventionally powered and scrapped in the 1990's.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
✓Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.
✓Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.
620.0 ft 188.98 m
73.0 ft 22.25 m
43.0 ft 13.11 m
4 x Pressure fire boilers delivering 100,000 horsepower to 2 x steam turbines powering 2 x shafts.
31.0 kts (35.7 mph)
13,999 nm (16,110 mi | 25,927 km)
kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers
1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
2 x SA-N-3 Goblet twin SAM launchers
2 x 57mm cannons in twin mountings
1 x SUW-N-1 launcher for FRAS-1 anti-sumarine missles.
2 x RBU-6000 ASW mortar rockets
10 x 533mm topedoes (2 x 5 tubes)
(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
14 x Kamov Ka-25 Hormone helicopters
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.
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