Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet)

Heavy Aircraft Carrier

Soviet Union | 1972

"The Kiev was decommissioned in 1993 and was the first of four ships in her class."

Authored By: JR Potts, AUS 173d AB | Last Edited: 05/02/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Kiev Class was a larger version of the Moskva Class and her design was a bold step in achieving a through-deck carrier. Lacking catapults and arrester gear she was only able to operate V/STOL fixed-wing aircraft along with helicopters. In the Soviet Navy the Kiev class of ships was specifically designated as a heavy aviation cruiser. The ships layout mirrored the Moskva Class with the bow, or forward area, dedicated to heavy missile armament and the aft, or rear section of the ship, utilized for aviation. V/STOL fighters needed a rolling deck for take-off and, dissimilar to normal practice, a 2/3 length angled flight deck was all on the port side having a moderate 4.5 degree angle. This considerable flight deck overhang created an out-of-balance weight problem. To counterbalance the flight deck, a massive island (by carrier standards) was constructed on the starboard side of the ship. The intended mission of the Kiev class was support for strategic missile submarines and it was capable of engaging in anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and surface warfare as well.

The Kiev, or also called the Krechyet, class was in compliance with the new ship classification system introduced by the Soviet Navy. The classification sported a 14,700 square meter flight deck, arrestor wires, and a ski-jump type ramp at the bow. The carrier air wing consisted of 14 x Yakovlev Yak-41M "Freestyle" vertically launched interceptors, 8 x Yakovlev Yak 38 "Forger" attack aircraft, 10 x Kamov Ka-27 PLO "Helix", 2 x Kamov Ka-27 PS "Helix" Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters, and 4 x Kamov Ka-27 RLD "Helix" helicopters. Two elevators on the starboard side would transport the aircraft from the hangar deck to the flight deck. Defense of the ship was handled by the "Bazalt" anti-ship missile system along with 8 x surface-to-surface missile launchers. The Krechyet class air defense system used Klinok vertical missile launchers and anti-aircraft missiles.

The Project 1143 ships were designed by the Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau and built at the Nikolayev South facility, formerly Chernomorsky Shipyard 444. Each ship in the class featured some different design features. Starting with the Minsk, the aircraft capacity was increased upwards of 50% by changing the hangar deck area and parking area for the aircraft. During a refit, the flight deck forward edge was rounded and wind deflectors were added. The Kiev sister ships were designed to carry new generation aircraft such as the Yakovlev Yak-36P (Yak-141) supersonic VTOL aircraft though these were subsequently cancelled. The defense air arm resulted in a mix of Kamov Ka-27 series helicopters, and Kamov Ka-25 series helicopters. The last carrier constructed was the Baku, and - with all upgraded modifications - some consider her a separate class altogether. Improvements in this unit included a phased array radar, extensive electronic warfare installations, and an enlarged command and control suite. The flight deck was extended forward 5 meters, 15 feet more than that of the Kiev. Additional modifications were the addition of four additional SS-N-12 SLCM launchers for a total of 12. The ship was equipped with 60 anti-submarine rockets and an Udav-1 integrated anti-submarine warfare system.

The Kiev was retired in 1994 and was being used for parts in the Admiral Gorshkov. In August 2000, it was reported that a shipyard in China purchased the retired carrier from Russia. Her sister ship, the Minsk, was sold to China as a recreational floating casino. Russia sold the Admiral Gorshkov, which had been inactive since 1991, to the Indian Navy. The Gorshkov reportedly will be extensively modified at a cost of between $500-$650 million and on assurances from the Russian government she would be ready for operational service in the India Navy in 2009. In Indian service, she was appropriated renamed the INS Vikramaditya.

The Kiev, now under Chinese ownership, is set to open sometime in 2012 in its new guise - that of an ex-naval luxury hotel - all as part of a military-themed park based in east Tianjin and geared towards tourists needing something more than standard surroundings.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet).
8 x turbo pressurized boilers feeding 4 x steam turbines and powering 4 x shafts at an output of 200,000shp.
32.0 kts
36.8 mph
Surface Speed
4,002 nm
4,605 miles | 7,411 km
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet).
896.0 ft
273.10 meters
O/A Length
107.0 ft
32.61 meters
10.0 ft
3.05 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet).
4 x P-500 Bazalt SSM twin launchers (8 missiles)
2 x M-11 Shtorm SAM twin launchers (72 missiles)
2 x 9K33 Osa twin launchers (40 missiles)
2 x 76.2mm anti-aircraft guns (twin mountings)
8 x AK-630 30mm Close-In Weapon Systems
10 x 21" torpedo tubes
1 x SUW-N-1 FRAS anti-submarine rocket launcher (twin launcher)
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet).
14 x Yak-41M fixed-wing Freestyle vertical launched interceptors.
8 x Yak-38 Forger fixed-wing attack aircraft
10 x Ka-27 PLO Helix helicopters
2 x Ka-27 PS (Helix) sear and rescue helicopters
4 x Ka-27 RLD (Helix) helicopters
Ships-in-Class (4)
Notable series variants as part of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet) family line as relating to the Krechyet / Kiev Class group.
Kiev; Minsk; Novorossiysk; Baku (Admiral Gorshkov, now INS Vikramaditya)
Global operator(s) of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of China National flag of India National flag of the Soviet Union

[ China; India; Soviet Union ]
1 / 5
Image of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet)
2 / 5
Image of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet)
3 / 5
Image of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet)
4 / 5
Image of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet)
5 / 5
Image of the Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet)

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
Kiev (Project 1143 Krechyet) Heavy Aircraft Carrier appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)