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WORLD WAR 1

HMS Ben-my-Chree


Seaplane Carrier Warship (1915)


Naval Warfare

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Bow starboard view of the HMS Ben-my-Chree

Jump-to: Specifications

A seaplane launched from HMS Ben-my-Chree became the first aircraft to deliver a torpedo against an enemy ship.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/14/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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HMS Ben-my-Chree served the Royal Navy through the middle years of World War 1, operating as a seaplane carrier. Originally, the vessel was a 2,500 liner used to ferry passengers to the Isle of Man until being taken over by the Royal Navy for purposes of the war effort. After her conversion, the Ben-my-Chree retained some of her passenger likeness but several major additions solidified her position as a warship of the waters.

The profile of HMS Ben-my-Chree was dominated by two smoke funnels amidships. Masts were located forward and aft of these funnels with the bridge superstructure between the forward funnel and mast. A larger superstructure containing the hangar was fitted aft. The forward upper part of the forecastle was fitted with a fly-off ramp for launching her seaplane fighters. A total of six aircraft could be carried aboard, though four was highly ideal considering the space allowed. Initially, these aircraft centered around the Sopwith Schneider seaplane, finally giving the Allies an offensive naval airborne punch and threatening the general dominance of the German Zeppelins. Soon to follow would be the Short seaplanes which brought about the advent of the torpedo bomber in naval aviation lore. Several such aircraft served in the Dardanelles campaign, sinking two Turkish ships with direct torpedo hits.

Beyond her limited air wing, armament aboard the Ben-my-Chree was generally offensive. This included cannon of various calibers led by the 4 x 12-pounder batteries and 2 x 3-pounder systems installed in the 1915 conversion from a passenger liners. A 1916 refit added additional 12-pounder cannons, 2-pounder "pom-pom" cannons and 3-pounder cannons on their respective towing carriages.
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As a vessel of war, the Ben-my-Chree saw combat action in World War 1. Throughout the conflict, she served as a mobile raiding platform, artillery spotter, rescue ship and a direct strike carrier. In February of 1916, the Ben-my-Chree was shortly out of action after it had collided with the SS Uganda, causing serious forward damage to the former. Once back in action, the vessel served her days through bombing raids, more artillery spotting and general reconnaissance of enemy movements. On January 11th, 1917, whilst at anchor in Kastelorgio harbor, the Ben-my-Chree was permanently knocked out of commission by Turkish shore batteries and capsized. Post-war, the hull was brought up and reassessed, eventually being sold for scrapping in 1921.

HMS Ben-my-Chree was laid down by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness in 1907 (conversion handled by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead) and launched the following year. She was officially commissioned in 1915. The unusual name of "Ben-my-Chree" stems from the Old Irish Manx language and is related to Manx Gaelic, a language spoken on the Isle of Man which was the passenger ferry route the original Ben-my-Chree liner was built for before her acquisition and military conversion by the Royal Navy in 1915.

Specifications



Service Year
1915

Origin
United Kingdom national flag graphic
United Kingdom

Complement
250
PERSONNEL


Class
Ben-my-Chree
Number-in-Class
1
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


HMS Ben-my-Chree


National flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.


Length
375.0 ft
114.30 m
Beam
46.0 ft
14.02 m
Draught
18.0 ft
5.49 m
Displacement
3,880
tons


Installed Power: 4 x double-ended cylindrical boilers and 3 x steam turbines driving 3 x screws at 14,000 horsepower.
Surface Speed
24.0 kts
(27.6 mph)
Range
1,200 nm
(1,381 mi | 2,223 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
1915:
4 x 12-pdr cannons
2 x 3-pdr cannons

1916 additions:
1 x 12-pdr cannon on carriage mount
1 x 3-pdr cannon on carriage mount
1 x 2-pdr "pom-pom" cannon on carriage mount


Supported Types




(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
4 x Seaplanes of various makes and types (up to 6 possible)


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
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Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

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