×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
MODERN FLEETS
COUNTRIES
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE

FS Caiman (1885)


Coastal Defense Ironclad Warship (1885)


Naval Warfare

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Jump-to: Specifications

The FS Caiman was a deliberate French Navy shift away from traditional ironclads to a barbette-fitted battleship.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/22/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
In the end of the 1870s, the French Navy began moving away from the traditional ironclad warship featuring their main guns set at or near the waterline and began investigating a new approach fitting the primary battery to barbettes high above the water in an effort to reduce their wear in the salty sea environment. This work resulted in a four-strong class of warships - known as the Terrible-class - intended for the coastal defense role covering French interests. The group consisted of Terrible (1887), Caiman (1885), Indomptable (1883), and Requin (1885). All were well-armored and well-armed vessels for their time, featured a two-masted profile, with power from a boiler-fed, compound engine arrangement driving power to twin screws.

The Terrible-class were in the 7,530 ton range and dimensionally smaller when compared to the design they were based on, the Amiral Baudin. Their primary purpose was in operational service in the Baltic Sea to head off any advantage by the German Navy should the two nations find themselves at war once more. The class were named "barbette ships" for their gun placement and joined the Tonnant and Furieux classes under that classification.

Caiman's keel was laid down during 1878. Her silhouette showcased two superstructures, one fore and the other aft. Two same-height masts were seated fore and aft as well. The main guns - a pair of 16.5" weapons, were set about a raised structure section, one gun over the forecastle and the other overlooking the stern. This left the bow and stern deck sections relatively unobstructed. Her smoke funnels were contained just ahead of midships. With her boiler-fed vertical compound engines, the vessel could expect to make headway at 15 knots and ranges of 1,750 nautical miles (if cruising at about 10 knots). It was crewed by 373 personnel. Displacement was 7,260 tons (short) with dimensions consisting of a 271 foot length, 60 foot beam, and 26.2 foot draught. Armor protection spanned from 203mm to 500mm thickness.

During 1895, Caiman entered a period of rebuilding to keep her a viable instrument of war. She joined her sisters Indomptable and Requin in this program which lasted until 1901. Changes included all-new guns as well as boiler equipment. By 1910, Caiman's best sailing days were behind her as she fell into disrepair and abandonment where she lay until she was scrapped in 1927. While not seeing combat service during World War 1 (1914-1918), her sister - Requin - did see service in the Great War before being stricken in 1920. By this time, she had been rebuilt to show off a twin-funnel profile and military-grade mast structures. Indomptable joined Caiman in being scrapped during 1927 and Terrible was written off earlier in 1911.

Specifications



Service Year
1885

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Complement
373
PERSONNEL


Class
Terrible-class
Number-in-Class
4
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


FS Terrible; FS Caiman; FS Indomptable; FS Requin


National flag of France France
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore Operation
Activities conducted near shorelines in support of allied activities.
Land-Attack
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.
Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.


Length
271.0 ft
82.60 m
Beam
59.0 ft
17.98 m
Draught
26.0 ft
7.92 m
Displacement
7,529
tons


Installed Power: Boilers feeding vertical compound engines driving 2 x shafts.
Surface Speed
15.0 kts
(17.3 mph)
Range
1,751 nm
(2,015 mi | 3,243 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
2 x 16.5" (406.4mm) main guns


Supported Types


Graphical image of a historical warship turreted main gun armament


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-