×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
MODERN FLEETS
COUNTRIES
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 1

B-class (USA)


Gas-Electric Attack Submarine (1907)


Naval Warfare

1 / 1
The USS Tarantula - later renamed to B-3 - was a B-class submarine of the USN

Jump-to: Specifications

The American B-class of military submarines consisted of three boats - the Viper, Cuttlefish and Tarantula.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/15/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Advertisements
If the A-class of submarines were the beginnings of the submariner program for the United States Navy then the B-class could serve as the turning point in USN submarine design. Appearing more akin to the serviceable submarines of World War 1 and World War 2 (as opposed to the early awkward appearances of some submarines), the B-class fit the bill with its smooth dolphin-like profile. The B-class stemmed form the original Holland-class that, itself, began with the Holland design appearing at the turn of the century - this leading directly to the preceding A-class of underwater warships.

The B-class was made up of the three submarines, each designated "USS Viper", "USS Cuttlefish" and "USS Tarantula". All three set about to open sea as a crew trainers and patrol craft in both local and international waters, eventually being put to rest as target vessels by the end of their useful operational lives. Power for the class was derived from a single gasoline engine developing 250 horsepower. An electric motor of 50 horsepower serviced the vessel when submerged, requiring surface air to charge. Surfaced and submarged speeds were quite similar across all three vessels and primary armament consisted of 2 x 457mm forward-facing torpedo tubes with four reloads. Crew accommodation for the series amounted to 10 personnel (the A-class fitted nine). As can be expected on these ealry submarines, conditions aboard the B-class were decidedly cramped though relatively improved over that as on the smaller Holland and A-class submarines. To go along with its identifiable shape, the B-class also sported a periscope in its conning tower. A second one was to be added later in its life but the stage was set for submarine design in the United States for years to come.

The definitive B-class designs went on to offer much of what was to come in terms of USN submarine design for the next few decades. By this time, the submarine would now come into its own in the inventory of the USN and other navies worldwide. The USN eventually set the vessel class apart from its "Torpedo Fleet" and formed its submarines into a new "Submarine Flotilla" group.

Specifications



Service Year
1907

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Complement
10
PERSONNEL


Class
B-class
Number-in-Class
3
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


USS Viper (B-1 / SS-10); USS Cuttlefish (B-2 / SS-11); USS Tarantula (B-3 / SS-12)


National flag of the United States United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Submerged Attack
Traveling under the surface to search, track, and / or engage or reconnoiter areas.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
25.0 ft
7.62 m
Beam
4.0 ft
1.22 m
Displacement
140
tons


Installed Power: 1 x Gasoline-fueled engine developing 250 horsepower; 1 x electric engine generating 50 horsepower.
Surface Speed
9.0 kts
(10.4 mph)
Submerged Speed
8.0 kts
(9.2 mph)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
2 x 457mm Torpedo Tubes with four torpedo reloads.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-