Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of navy warships
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
COUNTRIES
WORLD WAR 1


USS Preston (DD-19)


Destroyer Warship


USS Preston DD-19 was one of many destroyer-type warships to serve the American Navy during the fighting of World War 1.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 9/13/2018
National Flag Graphic

Specifications


Year: 1909
Status: Decommissioned, Out-of-Service
Ships-in-Class: 5
Named Ships: USS Smith (DD-17); USS Lamson (DD-18); USS Preston (DD-19); USS Flusser (DD-20); USS Reid (DD-21)
Roles: Blue Water Operations; Fleet Support; Hunter; Direct-Attack;
Complement: 89
Length: 293.9 ft (89.58 m)
Width: 26 ft (7.92 m)
Height: 8 ft (2.44 m)
Displacement (Surface): 710 tons
Propulsion: 4 x Mosher coal-fired boilers feeding 3 x Parsons direct-drive steam turbines developing 10,000 horsepower to 3 x Shafts.
Speed (Surface): 28 kts (32 mph)
Range: 2,802 nm (3,225 miles; 5,190 km)
Operators: United States
The large United States Navy build-up prior to World War 1 (1914-1918) involved adoption of a larger fleet of destroyer warships - fast, well-armed vessels capable of operating independently or as part of the main fleet. The Smith-class was drawn up for such a purpose and joined other destroyer classes in strengthening USN firepower prior to the conflict. Five ships ultimately made up the class with USS Preston (DD-19) being the third of the group.

USS Preston was laid down by New York Shipbuilding of Camden, New Jersey, on April 28th, 1908 and launched on July 14th, 1909. She was formally commissioned on December 21st, 1909 and went on to serve the USN prior to, and during, the fighting of World War 1, not decommissioned until July of 1919 along with three of her sisters (USS Smith was not decommissioned until September of that year).

Her profile was recognizable by the four, inline smoke funnels at midships. Her bow had a raised hull line while the rest of the hull utilized an unbroken line running to the stern. The bridge was set well-forward in the design with good views over the bow.

Internally, there were 4 x Mosher coal-fired boilers feeding 3 x Parsons direct-drive steam turbines outputting 10,000 horsepower to 3 x Shafts under stern. Maximum speed could reach 28 knots and the vessel ranged out to 2,800 nautical miles. Aboard was a crew of about 89 made up of officers and enlisted personnel. Armament centered on 5 x 3" (76mm) /50 caliber main guns with 3 x 18" (450mm) torpedo tubes to counter surface threats of the day.

Dimensionally, the warship was given a running length of 293.9 feet with a beam measuring 26.4 feet and a draught down to 10.6 feet. Displacement reached 710 tons under normal loads.

Preston's first assignments were as part of Destroyer Force, Atlantic Fleet in protecting the vital waterways between America and Europe as well as the American East Coast. When war came to Europe in mid-1914, this role became all-the-more important and convoy duties were an ever-present role. "Neutrality Patrols" were part of the American contribution as a neutral player in the war and involved ship and air patrols of the Atlantic coastline as well as Caribbean waters. When American joined the war in April of 1917, all that changed.

Patrols and escort duties then followed the ship and her crews. From August until October of 1917 she was assigned to waters off of the Azores before heading over to the French coastline near the vital post city of Brest. At this station she remained until the end of the war in November of 1918. That December she was recalled to American waters and arrived at Charleston, South Carolina on January 4th, 1919.

With her services no longer needed in war, she was decommissioned on July 17th, 1919 once relocating to New York waters. Her name was struck from the Naval Register on September 15th of that year and her hulk was sold for scrapping that November.




Armament



5 x 3" (76mm) /50 caliber main guns.
3 x 18" (450mm) torpedo tubes.

Air Wing



None.
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo