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USS Gearing (DD-710)


Destroyer Warship / Submarine Hunter


Naval Warfare / Ships

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United States Navy image from the Public Domain.

A late-entry into the fighting of World War 2, USS Gearing led its 98-strong group of destroyers into the Cold War period.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/9/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
USS Gearing (DD-710) was the lead ship of her Gearing-class of surface warship destroyers operated by the United States Navy (USN) during, and after, World War 2 (1939-1945). The class originally consisted of 152 total planned vessels though ninety-eight were eventually constructed for the fighting - all ninety-eight being retired with no losses in combat. Some of the class continued operational service into the early Cold War (1947-1991) period with many passed on to American allies during its "Cold War" with the Soviet Union. For her part in U.S. naval history, USS Gearing sailed into the 1970s to which she was eventually given up and sold off for scrapping in November 1974.

As built, USS Gearing was rated at 2,615 tons under standard load and up to 3,450 tons under full load. The vessel measured 390.5 feet long with a beam of 40.9 feet and a draught down to 14.4 feet. Power was from 4 x Boiler units feeding 2 x General Electric steam turbines outputting 60,000 horsepower and driving 2 x Shafts astern. With this propulsion scheme, the warship could make headway in ideal conditions at impressive ocean-going speeds nearing 37 knots while range was out to 4,500 nautical miles.

Gearing's profile saw twin main turrets seated forward of the bridge superstructure with the main mast directly aft. A twin smoke funnel arrangement was seen at midships with a noticeable gap identified between the two stacks. The hull was cut-down towards the stern, providing excellent views over the aft main gun turret. Aboard was a crew of 336 men.

Armament centered on 6 x 5" (130mm) "Dual-Purpose" (DP) main guns, these set in three twin-gunned turrets with two fitted fore and a single emplacement aft (the forward pair being stepped). Beyond this was a network of Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns that included 12 x 40mm Bofors automatic cannons and 11 x 20 Oerlikon automatic cannons. The vessel was also outfitted with 10 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tubes. All told, this gave the warship considerable firepower to act independently or as part of the main fighting fleet.

Gearing was laid down by the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company on August 10th, 1944 and launched to sea for trials on February 18th, 1945. Formally commissioned on May 3rd, 1945, the warship arrived late to the fighting of World War 2 (Germany capitulated that month with Japan following in August) but took part in several peacetime voyages throughout the Atlantic and Mediterranean for her time at sea. From 1961 until 1962, she was overhauled and this led to her participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. The "FRAM I" life extension overhaul - addressing the clear and present Soviet submarine threat - followed in 1963 and Gearing operated in Atlantic waters as a submarine hunter into 1967. In 1973, she was officially decommissioned and her name struck from the Naval Register on July 1st, 1973 - leading to her scrapping in 1974.


Specifications



Year:
1945
Status
Decommissioned, Out-of-Service
Complement
336 Personnel
Ship Class [ Gearing-class ]
Ships-in-Class [ 98 ] Ship Names: USS Gearing (DD-710); USS Eugene A. Greene (DD-711); USS Gyatt (DD-712); USS Kenneth D. Bailey (DD-713/DDR-713); USS William R. Rush (DD-714); USS William M. Wood (DD-715); USS Witsie (DD-716); USS Theodore E. Chandler (DD-717); USS Hamner (DD-718); USS USS Epperson (DD-719/DDE-719); USS Frank Knox (DD-742/DDR-742); USS Southerland (DD-743); USS William C. Lawe (DD-763); USS Lloyd Thomas (DD-764/DDE-764); USS Keppler (DD-765/DDE-765); USS Rowan (DD-782); USS Gurke (DD-783); USS McKean (DD-784); USS Henderson (DD-785); USS Richard B. Anderson (DD-786); James E. Kyes (DD-787); USS Hollister (DD-788); USS Eversole (DD-789): USS Shelton (DD-790); USS Chevalier (DD-805/DDR-805); USS Higbee (DD-806); USS Benner (DD-807/DDR-807); USS Dennis J. Buckley (DD-808); USS Corry (DD-817); USS New (DD-818); USS Holder (DD-819); USS USS Rich (DD-820); USS Johnston (DD-821); USS Robert H. McCard (DD-822); USS Samuel B. Roberts (DD-823); USS Basilone (); USS Carpenter (); USS Agerholm (); USS Robert A. Owens (); USS Timmerman (); USS Myles C. Fox (); USS Everett F. Larson (); USS Goodrich (); USS Hanson (); USS Herbert J. Thomas (); USS Turner (); USS Charles P. Cecil (); USS George K. McKenzie (); USS Sarsfield (); USS Ernest G. Small (); USS Power (); USS Glennon (); USS Noa (); USS Fiske (); USS Warrington (); USS Perry (); USS Bausell (); Ozbourn (); USS Robert L. Wilson (); USS Witek (); USS Richard E. Kraus (); USS Joseph P. Kennedy (); USS Rupertus (); USS Leonard F. Mason (); USS Charles H. Roan (); USS Fred T. Berry (); USS USS Norris (); USS McCaffrey (); USS Harwood (); USS Vogelsang (); USS Steinaker (); USS Harold J. Ellison (); USS Charles R. Ware (); USS Cone (); USS Stribling (); USS Brownson (); USS Arnold J. Isbell (); USS Fechteler (); USS Damato (); USS Forrest Royal (); USS Hawkins (); USS Duncan (); USS Henry W. Tucker (); USS Rogers (); USS Perkins (); USS Vesole (); USS Leary (); USS Dyess (); USS Bordeion (); USS Furse (); USS Newman K. Perry (); USS Floyd B. Parks (); USS John R. Craig (DD-885); USS Orleck (DD-886); USS Brinkley Bass (DD-887); USS Stickell (DD-888); USS O-Hare (DD-889); USS Meredith (DD-890)
National flag of United States United States
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
- Hunter
- Direct-Attack
Length:
390.5 ft (119.02 m)
Width / Beam:
40.1 ft (12.22 m)
Height / Draught:
14.4 ft (4.39 m)
Displacement (Surface):
2,615 tons
4 x Boiler units feeding 2 x General Electric steam turbines developing 60,000 horsepower to 2 x Shafts astern.
Speed (Surface):
37 kts (42 mph)
Range:
4,501 nm (5,180 miles; 8,336 km)
6 x 5" (130mm) Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted main guns.
12 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) automatic cannons.
11 x 20mm Oerlikon AA automatic cannons.
10 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tubes.
None.

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