The Bremen-class was an eight-strong group of guided-missile frigates serving the German Navy (initially West German Navy) during the latter stages of the Cold War period (1947-1991). It was based in an original Dutch design, the "Kortenaer", (with German modifications to suit the Navy service) and were meant for multi-role "Blue Water" service. Of the eight completed ships, just two remain in active service as of this writing (2018) - FGS Augsburg and FGS Lubeck.
The class also became known as the "Type 122". The group was used to replace a pair of aging classes in West German naval service including World War 2-era Fletcher-class ships of American build. The first Bremen-class warship was ordered in 1977 and the types were constructed away from their primary shipyard where the hulls were given their propulsion fits before delivery. Once in hand at Bremer Vulkan, the series received their weapons and electronics fits to prepare them for the requisite active sea trials. Several measures were instituted to help reduce acoustic signatures but these were not inherently "stealthy" ships.
The lead ship of this capable class became FGS Bremen and she was assigned pennant designator "F207" for her time at sea. She was built by Bremer Vulkan of Bremen and construction was begun on July 9th, 1979. She was launched to sea for trials on September 27th, 1979 and formally commissioned on May 7th, 1982.
As built, FGS Bremen displaced 3,600 tons and held a length of 428.1 feet with a beam measuring 47.10 feet and a draught down to 20.7 feet. Power was from a proven COmbined Diesel-Or-Gas (CODOG) arrangement which saw 2 x MTU 20V956TB92 diesel engines of 10,920 horsepower fitted alongside 2 x General Electric LM2500 gas turbines of 51,000 horsepower. These were mated to 2 x Renk STG 150-50 series gearboxes. 4 x Deutz MWM diesel-generators offered an additional 1,010 horsepower when needed.
All told, the warship could hit open-water speeds of over 30 knots and range out to 4,000 nautical miles.
Aboard was a crew of 202 personnel as well as 20 making up the air arm. Over the stern section of the warship was set a helipad and accompanying hangar. This area serviced (launching and retrieving) up to 2 x Sea Lynx Mk.88A variant navy helicopters. The helicopters were further equipped as submarine/ship hunters and could act as an eye-in-the-sky for the ship after launch and also rescue downed personnel in open water if needed. At-sea resupply was also accomplished from this helideck.
Installed systems included the EADS TRS-3D surface-search radar, the WM25 I/J-band surface-search radar, and the Thales Nederland STIR 180 Fire Control (FC) radar. A Kelvin Hughes "Nucleus 5000" unit served in the I-band navigation radar role. The hull-mounted sonar fit was the STN Atlas DSQS-23BZ series system. Electronic Warfare (EW) was handled by the ESM/ECM EADS FL1800S unit and 2 x SCLAR decoy launchers were present. The SLQ-25 "Nixie" fulfilled the torpedo decoy role.
A full-service hardened Citadel (complete with Nuclear-Biological-Chemical - NBC - protection), to serve as the ships command and control center in the event of open war, was a notable feature of the class.
Ahead of the bridge section was installed a 76mm OTO-Melara (Italian) turreted deck gun with unfettered views around the forecastle. Nearby, atop a stage, were the twin 4-cell "Sea Sparrow" medium-range surface-to-air missile systems (American) suitable for countering inbound aerial threats (16 reloads being carried). A pair of 4-cell "Harpoon" anti-ship missile launchers (American) were seated abaft of the bridge section (8 total missiles). A pair of Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) Mk 49 series launchers (American) were added towards the stern (21 reloads being carried). 2 x 27mm Mauser MLG27 series autocannons were installed for Close-In (CI) defense against aerial threats. Rounding out the armament were 2 x 324mm Mark 32 series twin torpedo tubes with 8 reloads available (DM4A1 or Mark 46 torpedo families supported).
FGS Bremen faithfully served until decommissioned on March 28th, 2014.
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
428.1 ft (130.48 m)
Width / Beam:
47.1 ft (14.36 m)
Height / Draught:
20.7 ft (6.31 m)
2 x MTU 20V956 TB92 diesel engines developing 10,092 horsepower with 2 x General Electric LM2500 gas turbines developing 51,000 horsepower and 4 x Deutz MWM diesel-generators developing 1,010 horsepower; 2 x shafts.
30 kts (35 mph)
4,002 nm (4,605 miles; 7,411 km)
1 x 76mm OTO-Melara Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
2 x 27mm Mauser MLG 27 automatic cannons.
1 x 8-cell Sea Sparrow air-to-surface missile systems (16 missiles).
2 x Mk 49 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) launchers (21 missiles).
2 x Harpoon anti-ship quadruple missile launchers.
2 x 324mm Mark 32 twin torpedo tubes (8 x torpedoes).
2 x Medium-lift navy helicopters (Sea Lynx Mk.88A was typical).
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