Commissioned in 2006, the Type 093 nuclear-powered attack submarine maintains an active presence in the modern Chinese fleet.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited:
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In 2006, the Chinese Navy (Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy) began commissioning of a new class of nuclear-powered attack submarine known as the Type 093 class (NATO codename of "Shang"). The class numbers six total boats and all maintain an active status in the Chinese Navy as of 2017. All of the boats were constructed at the Bohai Shipyard of Huludao and add a considerable offensive punch (as well as a regional strategic deterrent) for the Navy service.
Its design is no doubt influenced by both Soviet/Russian and Western offerings. The hull is tubular as expected and the sail is fitted well forward of midships. At the stern are planes arranged in a cruciform pattern and a single propeller unit is identified. Torpedo ports are all fitted to the bow and number 6 x 533mm / 650mm tubes. Internally there is a pressurized water nuclear reactor feeding 2 x steam turbines driving the single shaft astern. Estimated submerged speeds for the series reach 30 knots. With its nuclear powerplant, its range is essentially unlimited. Overall displacement is 7,000 tons.
The Type 093G is a designation reserved for some of the class having a slightly longer hull to make room for a Vertical Launch System (VLS) housing YJ-18 and CJ-10 cruise missile types.
The Type 093-class has been followed by the Type 094 (four boats, commissioning began in 2007) and these will be succeeded themselves by the much more advanced Type 095 boats to come online in 2020.
Status Commissioned, in Active Service
Complement 120 Personnel
Ship Class [ Type 093-class (Shang-class) ] Ships-in-Class [ 6 ] : Type 093/093G (six total boats)
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
360 ft (109.73 m)
Width / Beam:
36 ft (10.97 m)
Height / Draught:
24.6 ft (7.50 m)
1 x Pressurized water nuclear reactor feeding 2 x Steam turbines driving power to 1 x Shaft astern.
20 kts (23 mph)
30 kts (34.52 miles)
6 x 553mm / 650mm bow-mounted torpedo tubes.
Type 093G Boats add a Vertical Launch System (VLS) for VJ-18 and CJ-10 cruise missiles.
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