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Affondatore


Ironclad Warship


The Affontadore was lost in the Battle of Lissa during the Austro-Prussian War, attempting to ram Austrian vessels.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 5/2/2019
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Specifications


Year: 1866
Status: Lost-in-Service
Ships-in-Class: 1
Named Ships: Affondatore
Roles:
Complement: 460
Length: 308 ft (93.88 m)
Width: 39 ft (11.89 m)
Height: 20 ft (6.10 m)
Displacement (Surface): 4,006 tons
Propulsion: 8 x Boiler units feeding 1 x Steam engine developing 2,700 horsepower.
Speed (Surface): 13 kts (15 mph)
Range: 1,500 nm (1,726 miles; 2,778 km)
Operators: Italy
The Affondatore was an ironclad vessel serving the Italian Navy in the Mediterranean Sea. She led a short life on the seas, eventually seeing her demise in the Battle of Lissa (1866) during the Austro-Prussian War where her attempt to ram Austrian vessels led to her taking on more damage than she could stand. The Affondatore was lost at Ancona Harbor as a result.

The Affondatore warship served the Italian fleet in the "ironclad" age - a period where wooden-hulled ships were giving way to steel vessels - taking part in battles for control of the Adriatic. The vessel was armed with two muzzle-loading rifled cannons of 254mm and an additional 2 x smoothbore type cannons, featured two smoke stacks dispersing the excess from the single screw horizontal compound engines and a shaped ram at the bow (which in all actuality made it the primary weapon of the type). The turrets were a design by Captain Cowper Coles of the British Navy and the Affondatore was itself constructed in Millwall, London for the Italians.

The Affondatore served as the flagship to Admiral Persano's fleet for a time and fought in the Battle of Lissa against Austria. She was initially constructed in 1863 and was commissioned in 1866, meeting her fate that same year.




Armament



2 x 10" Armstrong muzzle-loading rifled (MLR) guns
2 x smoothbore cannons

Air Wing



None.
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