During the Cold War decades, the Soviet Navy was forced to keep pace with developments in the West, particularly with the growing capabilities of American submarines. This led to a new class of surface warships - the "Udaloy-class" - being developed specifically to deal with the submarine threat by way of various onboard measures. The original plan involved a fleet of fifteen such ships but this ended with thirteen vessels completed as two were ultimately cancelled. The Soviet Union was no more in 1991 and the ships were grandfathered into the new Russian Navy. Four of the Udaloy-class have since been retired from service (2015) and an evolved version of the class has emerged as the "Udaloy II", these offering much improved capabilities through a three-strong vessel batch.
Severomorsk (Project 619) is a vessel of the original Udaloy I-class and saw her keel laid down on June 12th, 1984. She was launched to sea on December 24th, 1985 and the vessel saw formal commissioning on December 30th, 1987 - having served the Russian / Soviet Northern Fleet since.
Classified as an Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Destroyer, the vessel still retains an inherent Anti-Ship (AS) capability. Her primary armament is a missile fit involving 2 x 4 (8) SS-N-14 "Silex" anti-submarine/anti-ship missile launchers and 8 x 8 (64) SA-N-9 "Gauntlet" surface-to-air missiles in Vertical Launching Systems (VLSs). More conventional armament is seen through the 2 x 100mm /70 caliber Dual-Purpose guns fitted as well as 4 x 30mm Ak-630 Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs). Rounding out the armament fit are 2 x 4 (8) 553mm torpedo tubes (firing either torpedoes or SS-N-15 missiles).
Severomorsk features a profile based on previous Russian design qualities. Her bow is noticeably raised in profile and these lines run beyond midships past the funnel. Her "A" and "B" positions are taken up by a pair of turreted deck guns while, aft of these, is one of the two VLS packs (embedded into the face of the hull superstructure). The second is set ahead of the helicopter hangers towards the stern. The bridge is tightly incorporated into the hull superstructure presenting a low profile overall. Twin Silex missile launchers are featured near the bridge along both the port and starboard sides and, atop the bridge, is a short-profile pyramidal mast which seats the "Kite Screech" radar unit. A side-by-side arrangement is used for the twin smoke funnels which are located near midships. The ship sports a pair of lattice-style masts(one forward and the other aft) with the aft structure taller than the fore one. An air-search aerial antenna is sat atop the aft structure. Her aft section is reserved for the helicopter landing deck which supports 2 x Kamov Ka-27 "Helix" (or similar) navy helicopters. Full aviation services are provided through the hangar in the rear hull superstructure. Her full crew complement numbers 300.
Displacement equals 6,930 tons under standard load and up to 7,550 tons under full load. Dimensions include a length of 535 feet, a beam of 63 feet and a draught down to 20 feet. Her machinery is made up of 4 x gas turbines outputting 120,000 horsepower through a COmbined Gas And Gas (COGAG) arrangement for efficiency depending on cruise or dash actions. Maximum speed in ideal conditions can reach 35 knots while ranges reach out to 10,500 nautical miles.
As of 2015, Severomorsk maintains an active presence in the Russian fleet.
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