Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of navy warships
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
COUNTRIES
COLD WAR


Moskva (Project 1123 Kondor)


Helicopter Cruiser Warship


The Moskva-class vessels were not true aircraft carriers in that they were specifically designed to carry helicopter aircraft.
Authored By: JR Potts, AUS 173d AB | Edited: 2/19/2019
National Flag Graphic

Specifications


Year: 1967
Status: Decommissioned, Out-of-Service
Ships-in-Class: 2
Named Ships: Moskva; Leningrad
Roles: Aircraft/Offshore Support;
Complement: 850
Length: 620 ft (188.98 m)
Width: 73 ft (22.25 m)
Height: 43 ft (13.11 m)
Displacement (Surface): 14,950 tons
Propulsion: 4 x Pressure fire boilers delivering 100,000 horsepower to 2 x steam turbines powering 2 x shafts.
Speed (Surface): 31 kts (36 mph)
Range: 13,999 nm (16,110 miles; 25,927 km)
Operators: Soviet Union
In the 1960's the range of Polaris Submarine missiles were known to the Soviets and it was apparent that western SSBN's would have to launch in the eastern Mediterranean to hit the Russian heart land. To counter a proposed western strike the Moskva was developed to operate with the Black Sea Fleet. She was deployed with a powerful force of antisubmarine AS helicopters to find and destroy any SSBN menacing the USSR Motherland. So two land locked bodies of water the Black Sea controlled by the Soviet Union and the Mediterranean controlled by the US Navy and her western allies became a type of power stalemate.

The Moskva and her sister ship, the Leningrad, were the Soviet Navy's first launched carriers. They were not true carriers in the since they were not capable in launching fixed wing aircraft. With only helicopters on board the Soviet escort fleet would be needed to protect the carrier against any surface threat. The design was comparable to the French Jeanne d'Arc and the Italian Vittorio Veneto. All had multipurpose naval armament on the forward part of the ship and used the aft for aviation launch and recovery space.

The Moskva shipboard armament included both AA and AS weapons. Two twin SA-N-3 Goblet SAM launchers having a 30km/18.6 mile range with reload for a total of 48 surface-to-air missiles. Additional redundancies included assigning a director to each launch crew. Also a twin SUW-N-1 launcher capable of delivering a FRAS-1 projectile carrying a 450 mm torpedo or a 5 kiloton nuclear warhead with a range of 24km/14.9 miles. The down side of launching this weapon was the short range and the enemy would be well within striking distance. A pair of RBU-6000 ASW mortars along with a set of torpedo tubes that were eventually removed. For self-defense, the Moskvas had two twin 57 mm guns and trailing variable depth sonar working in conjunction with helicopter sensors to hunt submarines. The helicopters had dipping sonar.

These ships were laid down at Nikolayev South Shipyard No.444. The Moskva was launched in 1965 and was commissioned two years later. The second ship in class was the Leningrad that was commissioned in1968. No additional ships were built due to poor handling in rough seas. Both were conventionally powered and scrapped in the 1990's.




Armament



2 x SA-N-3 Goblet twin SAM launchers
2 x 57mm cannons in twin mountings
1 x SUW-N-1 launcher for FRAS-1 anti-sumarine missles.
2 x RBU-6000 ASW mortar rockets

LATER REMOVED:
10 x 533mm topedoes (2 x 5 tubes)

Air Wing



14 x Kamov Ka-25 Hormone helicopters
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo