Kaiten (Reverse Destiny)
Imperial Japan (1944)
Suicide Kaitens achieved minimal success with only the USS Mississinewa and USS Underhill recorded as being sunk to Kaiten action.
Detailing the development and operational history of the Kaiten (Reverse Destiny) Midget Submarine / Manned Suicide Torpedo. Entry last updated on 6/30/2017; Authored by JR Potts, AUS 173d AB and Dan Alex; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
As well as the obvious advantage of the pilot providing guidance for the torpedo, Kaitens could be launched from a submerged submarine unlike the unmanned Type 93 torpedo which was deck-launched from the surface at no deeper than periscope depth. Mothership submarines could carry up to six suicide-minded Kaiten vehicles. The manned torpedo was launched around 8,300 yards from its intended target and, at about 550 yards away, the torpedo submerged to about 13 feet to complete the final run and give the pilot some visual awareness. However they were not nearly as effective pound-for-pound as the highly-successful Type 93 torpedo series on which they were based and used up their valuable pilots in the process.
American sources report that the only sinkings caused by Kaiten suicide attacks were the tankers USS Mississinewa and USS Underhill.
Any available statistics for the Kaiten (Reverse Destiny) Midget Submarine / Manned Suicide Torpedo are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, ship class and number-in-class. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard base performance figures, installed armament, global users (from A-to-Z) and named ships-in-class.