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HMS Belleisle (Peik-i-Sheref)


Ironclad Battleship


Originally planned for the Ottoman Empire, HMS Belleisle was claimed by the British Royal Navy and served into the early 1900s.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 3/15/2017
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Specifications


Year: 1878
Ships-in-Class: 2
Named Ships: HMS Belleisle; HMS Orion
Roles:
Complement: 249
Length: 200 ft (60.96 m)
Width: 33 ft (10.06 m)
Height: 16 ft (4.88 m)
Displacement (Surface): 1,774 tons
Propulsion: 1 x Maudslay horizontal compound engine developing 4,040 horsepower to 2 x shafts; Sails across two masts.
Speed (Surface): 13 kts (15 mph)
Range: Essentially Unlimited
Operators: United Kingdom
As Britain remained a neutral party during the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire (the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, a Russian victory), it could not deliver two warships ordered by the Ottomans. The Royal Navy thusly moved in to purchase the pair and they became HMS Belleisle and HMS Orion - the Belleisle-class numbering two. HMS Belleisle, originally laid down as "Peik-i-Sheref" in 1874 by Samuda Bros. at Cubitt Town, London, was launched on February 12th, 1876 and formally commissioned on July 2nd, 1878.

Her original design approach called for her to have a primary battery of 10" guns but this was later reworked to support 12" guns instead - all to be held along a central battery design arrangement. Belleisle, in fact, became the last central battery warship of the Royal Navy. Her operational range (under machinery power) was improved some by expansion of her onboard coal stores while more cabin space was allotted for the crew. In addition to this, torpedo launchers were installed to help make her a better fighting ship worthy of the Royal Navy flag.

As completed HMS Belleisle carried 4 x 12" (305mm) main guns (muzzle-loading rifled types), 4 x 20-pounder guns (breech-loading), and 2 x torpedo "carriages". Despite the outgoing nature of using rams on warships, HMS Belleisle's bow was fitted with such an implement. Her armor protection included up to 12" at the belt (full-length of the run), 9" along her conning tower and up to 3" of thickness at the decks. She displaced 4,870 tons, held a length of 245 feet, a beam of 52 feet, and a draught of 21 feet. Power was from coal-fed Maudslay horizontal engine driving two shafts through 4,040 horsepower output at speeds up to 12 knots. Beyond her machinery, Belleisle also carried masted sails (square rig arrangement) which was typical of warship designs appearing in the latter half of the 1800s - a mixed propulsion scheme of sorts that saw the sails supplement the power being supplied by the machinery. Her crew numbered 249 officers and sailors. A short funnel completed her rather simple twin-masted profile.

Before her end ultimately came, some slight changes altered her profile - her smoke funnel was lengthened in 1879 and her sailing rigging removed.

Following her commissioning, HMS Belleisle served as part of the local guard near Kingstown for over a year and undertook several firing exercises during that period. The design was found to showcase rather poor sea-keeping qualities and made the rest of her service life as a coastal defense vessel. The ship was refitted at Devonport - to which torpedo nets and light-caliber guns were added - and she went on to lead a rather uneventful career that eventually saw her reach reserve status in 1893. After 1900 she was modified to serve as a target ship for gunnery drills. Having survived this drubbing, HMS Belleisle was then moved to Portsmouth when she served the role of weapons test platform.

During one particular torpedo damage test - evaluating the use of cellulose to seal damage along a ship's hull - HMS Belleisle took on water and sank where she lay. Raised in late 1903, she was stripped of her usefulness and sold off to Germany where she was ultimately scrapped in 1904.




Armament



4 x 305mm (12") muzzle-loading rifled cannons
4 x 20-pdr breech-loading cannons
2 x Torpedo carriages

Air Wing



None.
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