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Delta II (Project 667BD Murena-M)


Nuclear-Powered Ballistic Missile Submarine


The Delta II-class boats were an outgrowth of the earlier Delta I model of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines serving the Soviet Navy during the Cold War years.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 6/22/2016
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Specifications


Year: 1976
Ships-in-Class: 4
Named Ships: K-92; K-187; K-193; K-421
Roles: Blue Water Operations; Hunter; Direct-Attack; Long-Range;
Complement: 130
Length: 508.5 ft (154.99 m)
Width: 39.3 ft (11.98 m)
Height: 29.5 ft (8.99 m)
Displacement (Surface): 9,350 tons
Displacement (Submerged): 10,500 tons
Propulsion: 2 x Pressurized water-cooled nuclear reactors with 2 x Steam turbines driving 55,000 horsepower to 2 x Shafts.
Speed (Surface): 12 kts (14 mph)
Speed (Submerged): 24 kts (28 mph)
Range: Essentially Unlimited
Operators: Soviet Union
The four Delta II (Project 667BD Murena-M) nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines followed the earlier Delta I-class as something of an interim design. The boats were largely similar to the Delta I but had their hulls lengthened by 52.5 feet to accommodate an additional four missile tubes and increased their operating crew from 120 to 130 personnel. Displacement increased to 9,350 tons surfaced and 10,500 submerged. Dimensions included a running length of 508.5 feet, a beam of 39.3 feet, and a draught of 29.5 feet. Performance was slightly reduced when compared to the Delta I boats - surfaced speeds remained 12 knots but submerged speeds were 24 knots at most (from 25 knots). Diving depth improved from 390 meters to 450 meters and output power from the nuclear propulsion / steam machinery was raised to 55,000 horsepower from 52,000 horsepower.

Delta II boats were armed through 16 x D-9D launch tubes for the R-29D ballistic missile series. It retained the 4 x 533mm (21") forward-facing torpedo tubes at the bow and added 2 x 400mm torpedo tubes. Beyond the obvious physical changes to the series, Delta II submarines also introduced several noise-reducing features to help its presented acoustic levels - chiefly shock-absorbing struts at the steam turbines and a hydroacoustic coating on the hull.

Delta II boats were built at Severodvinsk from 1972 to 1975 and were themselves superseded by the newer Delta III-class in time. Decommissioning of Delta II-class boats began in 1996.




Armament



16 x D-9D ballistic missile launch tubes for R-29D missiles in dorsal compartment.
4 x 533mm (21") forward-facing torpedo tubes
2 x 400mm torpedo tubes

Air Wing



None.
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