×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE

Model 1841 12-Pounder


Towed Mountain Howitzer (1841)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
2 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
3 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
4 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Model 1841 12-pounder mountain howitzer gave the United States military good service from the Mexican-American War through the American Civil War.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/10/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
For battlefield armies of the 19th Century, howitzers attempted to fill the gap between line-of-sight field guns and indirect-fire mortars. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), there were several prominent artillery pieces in play and one of these was the Model 1841 12-pounder mountain gun howitzer. Howitzers were generally characterized by their shorter barrels and reduced powder charges and fired their projectiles at a high trajectory to bombard hidden forces from above. Mortars were similar in battlefield function but relied on even higher trajectories and shorter ranges to achieve the same effect.

These howitzers seen during the war years were arranged either as part of batteries (typically two assigned per battery) or organized into all-howitzer units when the situation warranted.

The Model 1841 12-pounder gun appeared as a traditional artillery piece of the time, spoked wheels made up a portion of the carriage which incorporated a crossbar and extended tow arm. The gun sat atop a mounting straddling the wheels. No protection was given to the gunnery crew, which numbered as many as eight personnel and each given a specific role to play in the gun's function. The gun would most likely be operated behind the actual fighting lines, somewhat distant from direct danger but this was not always the case. Because of its wheeled carriage, the Model 1841 could be towed into action by "Beast of Burden" and this came along with the associated ammunition supply. However, since a viable artillery recoil mechanism was still some decades away, the gun had to be repositioned after firing due to the recoil forces at play.
The 12-pounder weapon offered considerable carnage-dealing at medium-to-close ranges and fired a shell or shot projectile. The guns were also more mobile than the Model 1841 6-pounder guns being fielded as their barrels were shorter and lighter. In time the design was superseded by the capable Model 1857 "Napoleon" 12-pounders when its strengths were finally realized across the many battlefields of the Civil War. Regardless, the Model 1841 howitzer continued in service to the war's final days.

Both sides of the conflict used the Model 1841 12-pounder howitzer and some were featured by the Confederates in the famous defense of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor (South Carolina).

Specifications



Service Year
1841

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Crew
8
CREWMEN
Production
3,000
UNITS


State Arsenals - USA
National flag of the United States Confederate States; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.


Weight
507 lb
230 kg
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Model 1841 12-Pounder production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: None. This is a towed artillery piece.
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Model 1841 12-Pounder production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 12-pounder main barrel.


Supported Types




(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.


Model 1841 - Base Series Designation


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-