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Landsverk L-Series

Six-Wheeled Armored Car

Sweden | 1933

"The Swedish Landsverk L-series of six-wheeled armored cars managed a great reputation for operational reliability for its time in the field."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/01/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Landsverk L-series of armored cars originated in Sweden during the early-1930s and managed an operational existence throughout World War 2 (1939-1945), some examples amazingly not retired until the 1980s. The vehicle relied on a truck-based six-wheeled arrangement with two axles paired under the rear section. These armored cars were built atop the existing chassis of various trucks emerging from Bussing, Mercedes-Benz, and Daimler-Benz which went on to produce the L-180, L-181, and L-182 marks between them. The selection of truck also largely dictated the engine fit for each model.

As finalized, the original L-180 was a 17,250lb vehicle with an overall length of 19 feet, a width of 7.3 feet, and a height of 7.5 feet. It was crewed by up to five personnel made up of a driver, vehicle commander, dedicated gunner, artilleryman, and loader. The armored superstructure, riveted to the existing chassis, gave protection against small arms fire and ranged up to 9mm at the front hull and up to 15mm at the roof-mounted turret. The turret allowed for a full 360-degree rotation and seated a 20mm Madsen M1933 L/60 gun or a 37mm Bofors gun. Of course this also varied by local requirements for some models installed 20mm Oerlikon guns or, as in the Finnish Army model, the 20mm L-39 Lahti Anti-Tank Rifle (ATR) was used as was the 13.2mm L-35/36 heavy machine gun. Secondary firepower was from 2 or 3 x machine guns of various makes and models.

The engine was fitted to a forward compartment in the usual. The L-180 was driven by a Bussing V8 of 160 horsepower while the L-181 saw drive power come from a Mercedes-Benz 6-cylinder engine of 65 horsepower or a Daimler-Benz M09 6-cylinder engine of 80 horsepower.

L-series cars were eventually used (in limited numbers) by Denmark (2), Estonia (1), Ireland (8), Nazi Germany (unknown number captured from enemies), the Netherlands (13), the Soviet Union (unknown number), and Sweden (five undelivered examples meant for Ireland). Captured Danish and Dutch vehicles by the German Army in World War 2 were reused by their new masters under the Army designation of "Panzerspahwagen L-202(h)" for reconnaissance, policing, patrolling, and training roles before the end. These were outfitted with 20mm Madsen or 37mm Bofors main guns backed by either 8mm Madsen or 7.92mm Lewis machine guns.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Landsverk L-Series Six-Wheeled Armored Car.
Variable based on truck chassis used: 1 x Bussing-NAG V8 engine of 180 horsepower; 1 x Mercedes-Benz 6-cylinder engine of 65 horsepower; 1 x Daimler-Benz M09 6-cylinder engine of 80 horsepower.
Installed Power
50 mph
80 kph
Road Speed
180 miles
290 km
The physical qualities of the Landsverk L-Series Six-Wheeled Armored Car.
19.2 ft
5.85 meters
O/A Length
7.4 ft
2.25 meters
O/A Width
7.5 ft
2.28 meters
O/A Height
17,251 lb
7,825 kg | 8.6 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Landsverk L-Series Six-Wheeled Armored Car.
1 x 20mm Madsen M1933 L/60 OR 1 x 37mm Bofors main gun in turret.
2 x 8mm Madsen M1924 machine guns

1 x 20mm Oerlikon OR 20mm L-39 ATR main gun in turret.
2 x 7.92mm Lewis OR 7.92mm Maxim OR .303 Madsen machine guns.
Not Available. Variable based on armament fit.
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Notable series variants as part of the Landsverk L-Series family line.
L-180 - Bussing V8 engine of 160 horsepower
L-181 - Mercedes-Benz V6 engine of 65 horsepower or Daimler-Benz V6 engine of 80 horsepower.
L-182 - Finnish Army example with Daimler-Benz engine; crew of four.
FP-7/FP-8 - Danish Army designation; two examples.
Panzerspahwagen L-202(h) - Germany Army designation of captured Danish and Dutch examples.
Pantserwagen M-38 - Dutch L-180 models
Pantserwagen M-36 - Dutch L-181 models
Pansarbil m/41 (Pbil m/41) - Swedish designation of L-180 models.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Landsverk L-Series. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 48 Units

Contractor(s): AB Landsverk - Sweden
National flag of Denmark National flag of Estonia National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Ireland National flag of Lithuania National flag of the Netherlands National flag of the Soviet Union

[ Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Ireland; Lithuania; Nazi Germany (captured); Netherlands; Soviet Union (captured) ]
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Image of the Landsverk L-Series
Image from the Public Domain.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Landsverk L-Series Six-Wheeled Armored Car appears in the following collections:
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