A partnership between Austria (Steyr-Daimler-Puch) and Spain (Santa Barbara Sistemas) produced the ASCOD (Austrian Spanish COoperation Development) Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) of 2002. The vehicle was established as a complement to existing mechanized brigades of each country, outright replacing older systems like the American-made M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) in similar operational roles. The chassis of ASCOD has gone on to serve as the basis for other battlefield vehicles including a tank destroyer, command vehicle, air defense platform, ATGM carrier, mortar carrier and armored ambulance.
The Austrian Army dubbed their ASCOD vehicles the "Ulan" while Spanish versions are known under the name of "Pizarro". Another form, the "Ajax", is set to enter service with the British Army in a few years.
The ASCOD is a 29 ton (short) vehicle with an overall length of 22 feet, a width of 12 feet and height of 8 feet. Its general appearance falls in line with other Western-originated IFVs like the American Bradley series. A well-sloped glacis plate is featured at front with the turret set over the middle-rear of the hull. The sides of the hull are slab-sided with the upper track sections covered in armored skirts. The track-and-wheel arrangement sees seven double-tired roadwheels affixed to either hull side and the drive sprocket at front with the track idler at rear. The driver sits at front-left with the engine at front-right. The turret is power-assisted and holds two crewmembers (gunner and commander).
The turret sports a 30mm Mauser MK 30-2 automatic cannon backed by a coaxially-mounted 7.62mm anti-infantry machine gun. The gun mount allows for an inherent elevation span of -10 to +50 degrees. The turret's placement over the rear of the vehicle provides unfettered 360-degree traversal for the main gun. The main gun is full stabilized for firing on-the-move and a fully-digital Fire Control System (FCS) is installed supporting day-or-night actions. The turret is also home to two banks of six smoke grenade dischargers (12 total grenades) allowing the vehicle to generate its own smokescreen. Bolt-on Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks further enhances crew and systems survivability against the latest armor-defeating measures encountered on the modern battlefield.
Internally, the vehicle carries an NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) suite as a standard fit. An onboard heater adds creature comforts for the crew, particularly in the cold weather environments encountered throughout Europe.
Spain was the first of the two nations to commit to ordering the ASCOD and this came through a 144-strong batch deal in 1996 and these entered service in 2003. Spanish strength ended at 261 total ASCODs with final deliveries arriving in 2015 (a second 212-strong order reduced to 117 units). Austria moved on a batch order of 112 vehicles and first-deliveries occurred in 2002 and the final example arrived in 2005.
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Steyr-Daimler-Puch - Austria / Santa Barbaras Sistemas - Spain Manufacturer(s)
Austria (Ulan); Spain (Pizarro); United Kingdom (AJAX) Operators
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
22.5 ft (6.85 meters) Length
39.4 ft (12 meters) Width
8.0 ft (2.45 meters) Height
58,004 lb (26,310 kg) Weight
29.0 tons (Medium-class) Tonnage
1 x diesel-fueled engine developing between 600 (Pizarro) and 720 (Ulan) horsepower driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement. Drive System
45 mph (72 kph) Road Speed
373 miles (600 km) Road Range
1 x 30mm MK 30-2 Mauser automatic cannon in turret.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
12 x Smoke grenade dischargers on turret.
500 x 30mm projectiles (estimated).
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated).
12 x Smoke grenades.
ASCOD - Base Product Name.
ASCOD "Pizarro" - Spanish Army designation; production by Santa Barbara Sistemas; fitted with 600 horsepower engine; 7.62mm MG3 machine gun.
Pizarro VCI/C - Infantry Fighting Vehicle.
Pizarro VCPC - Command vehicle.
Pizarro VCOAV - Reconnaissance vehicle.
Pizarro VCREC - Armored recovery vehicle.
Pizarro VCZ - Battlefield engineering vehicle.
LT-105 LT - Light tank form developed for export; fitting 105mm main gun in turret.
Pizarro "Donar" - Self-propelled artillery development fitting 155mm main gun.
ASCOD "Ulan" - Austrian Army designation; production by Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahreuge; fitted with 720 horsepower engine; Kollsman Fire Control System (FCS); 7.62mm MG74 machine gun.
AJAX Scout SV - British Army variant.
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Image from the Slovakian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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