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Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper)

6x6 Wheeled Multirole Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Brazil | 1974

"The Engesa EE-11 Urutu Engesa was developed alongside the 6x6 wheeled EE-9 Cascavel by local Brazil industry."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/06/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Engesa (now defunct) of Brazil produced a long-running series of viable armored car solutions for the Brazilian Army, as well as interested foreign parties, for decades. The EE-11 "Urutu" was developed specifically against a Brazilian Army request of the late-1960s which led to a prototype vehicle coming online in 1970 (this product was based on the EE-9 "Cascavel" armored car which was then also under development by the company). In 1974, serial production began and ended in 1987. Its commonality of parts with the EE-9 made it a popular economical purchase worldwide.

As built, the EE-11 showcased a weight of 11,000 kilograms (empty, non-combat load). It exhibited a length of 6.15 meters with a width of 2.65 meters and a height of 2.13 meters. Internally, there was a driver and commander as well as seating for eleven passengers. The engine was fitted to a compartment at the front-right of the hull with the driver at front-left. A turret was emplaced over the middle-front of the hull roof line with the rear of the vehicle hull left for passenger seating. The wheel arrangement was of a typical 6x6 with complete suspension for off-road travel ("Boomerang" double-axle rear drive). Ground clearance was excellent for the time. The axles were divided into a single forward unit and a pair of rear units. Armor protection reached 12mm thickness and a full amphibious capability was possible through some prior equipment preparation by the crew - propulsion being possible by the standard motion of the spinning wheels.

NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protection, nightvision, vision blocks / firing ports and powered winch were all optional.

Power to the EE-11 line came from a Detroit Diesel 6V-53T or Mercedes-Benz series (manual or automatic transmission) six-cylinder water-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 260 horsepower (original production models had 158hp engines) giving the vehicle a maximum road speed of 105 kmh with an operational range out to 850 kilometers.

The EE-11 was produced across seven major variants known simply as Mk I, Mk II, Mk III (212hp engine), Mk IV, Mk V, Mk VI and Mk VII (turbocharged diesel engine).

Variants of the base design have gone on to include a 2 x 20mm / 25mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) mobile platform, standard security / anti-riot vehicle, 81mm/120mm mortar carrier, battlefield ambulance, general cargo-hauler, Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) (with 25mm-equipped turret and ATGM support), command vehicle with additional communications equipment and Fire Support Vehicle (FSV) (with 90mm-armed powered turret).

Operators of the EE-11 currently range from Angola and Bolivia to Venezeula and Zimbabwe. Chile has retired its complete stock. The vehicle has seen combat service in the Chadian-Libyan War (1978-1987), the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), the Persian Gulf War (1990-1991), the Libyan Civil War (2011) and the Iraqi Civil War (2014-Present). Such is the value of this proven local system that the Brazilian Army has reinstated the design through modernization of the engine and transmission system to bring about a decade or more of service still.

The Urutu name is Brazilian and from the South American pit viper "Bothrops alternatus". The name refers to the markings found on the snake.

The Brazilian Amry plans to succeed its aging stock of Urutu troop transport with the Italian Iveco VBTP-MR "Guarani" wheeled series.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper) 6x6 Wheeled Multirole Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).
1 x Detroit Diesel 6V-53T (or Mercedes-Benz) 6-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 260 horsepower.
Installed Power
65 mph
105 kph
Road Speed
528 miles
850 km
The physical qualities of the Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper) 6x6 Wheeled Multirole Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).
20.2 ft
6.15 meters
O/A Length
8.7 ft
2.65 meters
O/A Width
7.0 ft
2.13 meters
O/A Height
24,251 lb
11,000 kg | 12.1 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper) 6x6 Wheeled Multirole Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).
Variable. Hull supports armament from pintle-mounted 7.62mm and 12.7mm machine guns to 25mm autocannon and 90mm tank-killing turrets.
Dependent upon armament fit.
Nightvision - OPTIONAL.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - OPTIONAL.
Notable series variants as part of the Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper) family line.
EE-11 "Urutu" - Base Series Designation
81mm Mortar Carrier - Fire support vehicle
120mm Mortar Carrier - Fire support vehicle
Anti-Riot Vehicle - Smoke launchers; anti-plank fencing.
Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) - Base Model
Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) - Sans armament; powered crane and applicable mission equipment.
Battlefield Ambulance - Onboard medical equipment
Command Vehicle - Additional communications equipment fitted.
Fire Support Vehicle (FSV) - 90mm Cockerill Mk III turret.
Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) - 25mm turreted main gun; ATGM launcher installed.
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery (SPAAA) - 2 x 20mm / 25mm autocannons in turret.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 1,650 Units

Contractor(s): Engenheiros Especializados SA (Engesa) - Brazil
National flag of Angola National flag of Bolivia National flag of Brazil National flag of Chile National flag of Colombia National flag of Ecuador National flag of Gabon National flag of Iraq National flag of Iran National flag of Libya National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of Tunisia National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of Uruguay National flag of Venezuela National flag of Zimbabwe

[ Angola; Bolivia; Brazil; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Gabon; Guyana; Iraq; Iran; Libya; Paraguay; Saudi Arabia; Suriname; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zimbabwe ]
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Image of the Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Engesa EE-11 Urutu (Pit Viper) 6x6 Wheeled Multirole Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) appears in the following collections:
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