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OT M-60

Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

Yugoslavia | 1965

"After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, use of the M-60 APC passed on to successor states."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/23/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Yugoslavia was formed in 1943 during World War 2 (1939-1945) and maintained an existence up until its dissolution in 1992. The country began as a partner to the communist Soviet Union until the Tito-Stalin split of 1948 to which then the nation carried onward through a neutral global stance. During this period, its industrial base accounted for many indigenous products to serve standing military requirements - aircraft, armored vehicles and small arms of various types - with one such development became the little-known M-60 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).

Weighing 11,000 kilograms, the M-60 was given a length of 5 meters, a width of 2.7 meters and a height of 2.4 meters. Its standard operating crew numbered three and included a driver, commander and co-driver/machine gunner. Protection for the crew and key internal systems measured 10mm to 25mm in armor thickness (welded steel construction). Primary armament was a 12.7mm Browning M2HB Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) for local air-defense / light armor support and a bow-mounted 7.62mm M53 machine gun fit for anti-infantry duty. Power was served through a FAMOS FFTR series 6-cylinder diesel engine of 150 horsepower and the suspension system was of a torsion bar arrangement. Road speeds reached 45 kmh with ranges out to 400 kilometers. The running gear included five double-tired road wheels to a hull side, the drive sprocket at front and the track idler at rear. Three track return rollers were featured.

Internally, the driver managed a position at front-left with a co-driver/bow machine gunner at front-right. The powerpack was seated under the operating crew to allow for a passenger cabin to be featured in the highly cramped rear section. A twin-door arrangement allowed these occupants entry/exit to the vehicle. Firing ports along the sides of the hull allowed passengers to engage enemies from within the confines of the vehicle. The commander's position was marked by a cupola found immediately aft of the driver's cockpit.

The M-60 was originally designated as "M-590" when it was introduced. It was designed and developed to a Yugoslavia Army requirement for a modern, all-tracked armored vehicle capable of ferrying combat-ready troops to the front under some level of protection. In this way, the M-60 succeeded as the passenger cabin could seat ten such personnel. The M-590 was debuted in 1965 during a Yugoslav military parade.

Initial production models were designated simply as M-590/M-60 while the "M-60P" became its improved standard form. The "M-60PB" was the dedicated Anti-Tank (AT) model fitting 2 x 82mm recoilless rifles as a primary armament fit, these guns found along the top of the hull rear (right or left side). The "M-60PK" was a Battalion Command Vehicle form outfitted with extra communications gear.

The M-60 was delivered through some 600 to 800 examples (sources vary) from 1962 until 1979. Following the end of Yugoslavia as a united state, the vehicles fell to the successors that emerged from the rubble. The line was then carried forward by the armies of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Republika Srpska Krajina, and Serbia and Montenegro. The Iraqi Army became the only foreign operator of the type with 190 M-60P vehicles coming before the events of Operation Desert Storm (1991).

All M-60 vehicles have since been withdrawn from frontline service and ended their days on the scrap heap. Over a career spanning forty years, the M-60 reportedly gave good service to its various local armies and was used by government police for a time. It was available at the time of the Yugoslav Wars (1991-2002) but its best days were clearly behind it - losses were high due to poor armor protection against more modern armor-defeating measures and its machine-gun-only armament proved lacking in punch. Before the end it was pressed into service as a modestly-armored battlefield ambulance.

The line was largely succeeded by the BVP M-80 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the OT M-60 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
1 x FAMOS FFTR diesel engine developing 150 horsepower.
Installed Power
28 mph
45 kph
Road Speed
249 miles
400 km
The physical qualities of the OT M-60 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
16.5 ft
5.02 meters
O/A Length
9.1 ft
2.77 meters
O/A Width
7.8 ft
2.38 meters
O/A Height
24,251 lb
11,000 kg | 12.1 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the OT M-60 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).
1 x 12.7mm M2 Browning Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
1 x 7.92mm M53 Medium Machine Gun (MMG) in bow-mounting.
Not Available.
Nightvision - YES
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES
Notable series variants as part of the OT M-60 family line.
M-60 (M-590) - Base Series Designation and original production models.
M-60P - Improved production form
M-60PB - Anti-Tank platform fitting 2 x 82mm recoilless rifles.
M-60PK - Command and Control (C2) vehicle variant.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the OT M-60. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 700 Units

Contractor(s): FAMOS - Yugoslavia
National flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina National flag of Croatia National flag of Iraq National flag of Montenegro National flag of Serbia National flag of Yugoslavia

[ Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Iraq; Serbia and Montenegro; Yugoslavia ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The OT M-60 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) appears in the following collections:
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