Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines US Military Pay (2022) Global Military Ranks


Land Systems / Battlefield

OT M-60

Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) [ 1965 ]

After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, use of the M-60 APC passed on to successor states.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/23/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Yugoslavia was formed in 1943 during World War 2 (1939-1945) and maintained an existence up until its dissolution in 1992. The country began as a partner to the communist Soviet Union until the Tito-Stalin split of 1948 to which then the nation carried onward through a neutral global stance. During this period, its industrial base accounted for many indigenous products to serve standing military requirements - aircraft, armored vehicles and small arms of various types - with one such development became the little-known M-60 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).

Weighing 11,000 kilograms, the M-60 was given a length of 5 meters, a width of 2.7 meters and a height of 2.4 meters. Its standard operating crew numbered three and included a driver, commander and co-driver/machine gunner. Protection for the crew and key internal systems measured 10mm to 25mm in armor thickness (welded steel construction). Primary armament was a 12.7mm Browning M2HB Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) for local air-defense / light armor support and a bow-mounted 7.62mm M53 machine gun fit for anti-infantry duty. Power was served through a FAMOS FFTR series 6-cylinder diesel engine of 150 horsepower and the suspension system was of a torsion bar arrangement. Road speeds reached 45 kmh with ranges out to 400 kilometers. The running gear included five double-tired road wheels to a hull side, the drive sprocket at front and the track idler at rear. Three track return rollers were featured.

Internally, the driver managed a position at front-left with a co-driver/bow machine gunner at front-right. The powerpack was seated under the operating crew to allow for a passenger cabin to be featured in the highly cramped rear section. A twin-door arrangement allowed these occupants entry/exit to the vehicle. Firing ports along the sides of the hull allowed passengers to engage enemies from within the confines of the vehicle. The commander's position was marked by a cupola found immediately aft of the driver's cockpit.

The M-60 was originally designated as "M-590" when it was introduced. It was designed and developed to a Yugoslavia Army requirement for a modern, all-tracked armored vehicle capable of ferrying combat-ready troops to the front under some level of protection. In this way, the M-60 succeeded as the passenger cabin could seat ten such personnel. The M-590 was debuted in 1965 during a Yugoslav military parade.

Initial production models were designated simply as M-590/M-60 while the "M-60P" became its improved standard form. The "M-60PB" was the dedicated Anti-Tank (AT) model fitting 2 x 82mm recoilless rifles as a primary armament fit, these guns found along the top of the hull rear (right or left side). The "M-60PK" was a Battalion Command Vehicle form outfitted with extra communications gear.

The M-60 was delivered through some 600 to 800 examples (sources vary) from 1962 until 1979. Following the end of Yugoslavia as a united state, the vehicles fell to the successors that emerged from the rubble. The line was then carried forward by the armies of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Republika Srpska Krajina, and Serbia and Montenegro. The Iraqi Army became the only foreign operator of the type with 190 M-60P vehicles coming before the events of Operation Desert Storm (1991).

All M-60 vehicles have since been withdrawn from frontline service and ended their days on the scrap heap. Over a career spanning forty years, the M-60 reportedly gave good service to its various local armies and was used by government police for a time. It was available at the time of the Yugoslav Wars (1991-2002) but its best days were clearly behind it - losses were high due to poor armor protection against more modern armor-defeating measures and its machine-gun-only armament proved lacking in punch. Before the end it was pressed into service as a modestly-armored battlefield ambulance.

The line was largely succeeded by the BVP M-80 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).


Service Year

Yugoslavia national flag graphic


National flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina National flag of Croatia National flag of Iraq National flag of Montenegro National flag of Serbia National flag of Yugoslavia Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Iraq; Serbia and Montenegro; Yugoslavia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.

16.5 ft
5.02 m
9.1 ft
2.77 m
7.8 ft
2.38 m
24,251 lb
11,000 kg
12.1 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base OT M-60 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x FAMOS FFTR diesel engine developing 150 horsepower.
28.0 mph
(45.0 kph)
248.5 mi
(400.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base OT M-60 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 12.7mm M2 Browning Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
1 x 7.92mm M53 Medium Machine Gun (MMG) in bow-mounting.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Not Available.

M-60 (M-590) - Base Series Designation and original production models.
M-60P - Improved production form
M-60PB - Anti-Tank platform fitting 2 x 82mm recoilless rifles.
M-60PK - Command and Control (C2) vehicle variant.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2022 US Military Pay Army Ranks Navy Ranks Marine Ranks Air Force Ranks USCG Ranks Compare Ranks (NEW!) DoD Dictionary Military Ribbons Identification Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-