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Canon de 75 mle 1873 Reffye


Towed Breech-Loaded Field Gun (1873)


Land Systems / Battlefield

The Reffye Modele 1873 field gun of 75mm caliber was a design by Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/10/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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The 75mm Reffye field gun appeared on the scene in the latter half of the 1800s. The design sported several unique concepts when compared to rival guns of the time - a sliding breech block and interrupted screw. This allowed the weapon to be effectively loaded/reloaded from the breech end of the weapon during a time when most all field guns were of muzzle-loading design. The system was developed by one Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye which is where the gun also got its name - de Reffye serving as an artillery officer in the French Army at the time. He was also credited with development of one of the earliest machine guns to exist - the multi-shot "mitrailleuse".

The Reffye 75mm was introduced during 1873 and served until the turn of the century but was already under threat as soon as 1875 for, during that year, the French Army was already committing to the newer, more powerful 95mm Lahitolle series. These went on to see combat service with French forces in World War 1 (1914-1918).

Specifications



Service Year
1873

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Crew
8
CREWMEN
Production
600
UNITS


State Arsenals - France
National flag of France France
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.


Powerplant: None. This is a towed artillery piece.
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Model 1873 (Reffye Gun) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 75mm gun barrel


Supported Types


Graphical image of an artillery gun tube/barrel


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Depedent upon ammunition carrier.


Reffye Gun Model 1873 - Base Series Name
Canon de Campagne de 5 de Reffye modele 1873 - Long-form name.


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