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2A45 Sprut (Kraken)


Towed Anti-Tank (AT) Gun System


Russia | 1989



"The 2A45 series towed anti-tank gun of 1989 followed the T-12 line that appeared during 1955."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/21/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
For decades the Russian / Soviet Army had placed a premium on effective artillery pieces for effective armor-defeating measures. This is seen in the "Sprut" ("Kraken") series of Anti-Tank (AT) guns currently in service with Russian forces and several select global customers. The weapon is capable of engaging enemy armor through Armor-Piercing (AP) shells at range while also having a general anti-infantry capability through firing High-Explosive (HE) shells. Design of the Sprut was through the Petrov Design Bureau during the latter half of the 1980s just prior to the fall of the Soviet Empire. Manufacture has been handled out of the Artillery Plant No.9 since 1989, the same ear the Sprut formally entered military service.

As finalized, the gun features a transport weight of 14,300 pounds with a firing weight close to 14,500 pounds. It sports an overall length of 23.3 feet and features a barrel of 125mm caliber (4.9"). The recoil mechanism is hydropneumatic and assists in providing gunnery crews a rate-of-fire of 6 to 8 rounds-per-minute out to ranges reaching 13,300 yards using conventional HE shells. AP shells reach 2,200 yards. Sighting is through an OP4M-48A sighting device. While seated on a two-wheeled towable tripod assembly, an Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) is fitted to provide short-distance transport at roughly 9 miles per hour. Otherwise, the system is towed into action using traditional mover vehicles like the MT-LB carrier. The standard operating crew of this gun is seven personnel which are trained to arrange the gun to be readied for fire in two minutes or less.

In one way, the Sprut system is logistically-friendly for the Russian military and its foreign customers as relies on the same ammunition stock already in circulation for the T-64, T-72, T-80 and T-90 Russian Main Battle Tanks (MBTs). The ammunition is also used in the D-81 towed gun family.

To date the Sprut is featured in three distinct forms: the 2A45 "Sprut-A" is the standard towed AT weapon while the 2A45M "Sprut-B" is the self-propelled version of the same gun. The 2S25 "Sprut-SD" is another self-propelled gun system, though more along the lines of portable fire support, and fits the related 125mm 2A75 gun onto the BMD-3 chassis complete with powered turret assembly.

Operators of the Sprut family are seen in Mexico, Russia (formerly the Soviet Union), Singapore and Ukraine. Belarus has become a former operator of the line.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the 2A45 Sprut-A Towed Anti-Tank (AT) Gun System.
None. This is a towed artillery piece.
Installed Power
Structure
The physical qualities of the 2A45 Sprut-A Towed Anti-Tank (AT) Gun System.
7
(MANNED)
Crew
23.4 ft
7.12 meters
O/A Length
8.7 ft
2.66 meters
O/A Width
6.9 ft
2.09 meters
O/A Height
14,330 lb
6,500 kg | 7.2 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the 2A45 Sprut (Kraken) Towed Anti-Tank (AT) Gun System.
1 x 125mm gun barrel
AMMUNITION:
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the 2A45 Sprut (Kraken) family line.
2A45 "Sprut-A" - Towed Artillery Variant
2A45M "Sprut-B" - Self-Propelled / Towed Gun Model
2S25 "Sprut-SD" - Self-Propelled Gun model utilizing BMD-3 tracked chassis.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the 2A45 Sprut (Kraken). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 3,500 Units

Contractor(s): Artillery Plant No. 9 - Soviet Union / Russia
National flag of Belarus National flag of Mexico National flag of Russia National flag of Singapore National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Ukraine

[ Belarus (former); Mexico; Russia; Singapore; Soviet Union; Ukraine ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
ANTI-TANK/ARMOR
FIRE SUPPORT / ASSAULT / BREACHING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The 2A45 Sprut (Kraken) Towed Anti-Tank (AT) Gun System appears in the following collections:
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