Logistics remains at the heart of every military initiative. A massive land fighting force like the modern Russian Army understands this quite well and employs a vast collection of logistically-minded vehicles to support most any ground campaign. One of the tools of the force is the Ural-5323, an 8x8 wheeled military-grade truck, which entered series production at the close of the Cold War in 1989. It is actively manufactured today (2018) despite its Cold War-era origins.
The truck has four axles fitting two wheels each and these axles are separated in two forward pairs and two aft pairs. The roadwheels are large, providing the vehicle with excellent ground clearance aiding in cross-country travel. Over the front of the truck is the crew cab which seats the driver at front-left. Earlier production models fitted a cab from the company KAMAZ while later models moved to a new cab design developed with the assistance of Italian-based IVECO. The engine is situated forward in the design with the aft section taken up by the cargo bed which is typically covered from the elements. Up to 10 tons of goods can be hauled in this area and the truck can tow 16 tons as needed. Other features of the truck include a remote tire pressure control system, leaf spring suspension.
The unit is powered by a YaMZ-238B V-8 turbo-diesel engine of 300 horsepower (2,000rpm). This is mated to an 8x2 transmission system with locking transaxle differential. The truck can make a top speed of 53 miles per hour out to a range of 650 miles. These numbers are reduced some for cross-country traveling.
The Ural-5323 series has also been modified to carry the Pantsir-S1 airspace denial weapon system (introduced in 2012). This potent arrangement sees a strong combination of missiles and automatic cannons for the Anti-Aircraft (AA) role. The Ural-5232 adds the mobility needed for the system and can house the crew of three in comfort.
Other vehicle types utilizing the Ural-5323 framework include the Ural-532362 anti-riot vehicle mounting a powerful anti-personnel water cannon. This model also includes skirt armor over the rear axle pairing and grate covers for all of the forward window panels. A dozer blade is also featured at the bow for barricade-busting. A civilian version of the truck also exists which relocates the headlamps to the bumper from the front facing.
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