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KAMAZ Typhoon

Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle

Russia | 2014

"The KAMAZ Typhoon is part of the massive ongoing Russian Army rearmament program bringing the land force on par with Western elements."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/21/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Russian Army experience in the Chechen wars, as well as observation of the U.S.-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and a general mass-modernization effort, have led the country to develop a whole new family of Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicles. Such vehicles serve ground forces and policing actions by providing protection against small arms fire/shell splinters while, perhaps more importantly, shielding against land mines, rocket/grenade attacks, and improvised devices. The result was the Typhoon initiative of 2010 which begat a family of new generation vehicles. A successful evaluation phase of a Typhoon MRAP from KAMAZ eventually led to a procurement contract forthcoming in 2012 and a public debut in 2014.

The KAMAZ Typhoon is protected against small arms fire and directed explosives by way of a sound armor scheme (utilizing a mix of steel and ceramics), bullet-resistant windows, reinforced seating and chassis understructure, and high ground clearance. State-of-the-art systems within allow for increased situational awareness. The 21 ton vehicle features run-flat tires and an adjustable ride height. Suspension is across all wheels for off road comfort. Additional crew and passenger comfort is provided through an integral air filtration unit and HVAC system. A typical operating crew is two with automobile-style doors fitted for easy entry/access of the cab while passenger seating can fit up to sixteen in the rear cabin. Seats are arranged along the cabin walls facing inwards and contain restraints for bumpy travel or in the case the vehicle overturns. For durability and passenger safety, the seats are joined to the hull at their upper section as opposed to their lower region. A ramp at the rear hull wall lowers to provide wider access to the passenger area and roof hatches are also available as is a starboard-side mounted rectangular door. Gun ports along the hull walls allow passengers to engage outside threats with their personal weapons.

The KAMAZ Typhoon sees up to 86% commonality of parts with other vehicles of the family. The line includes a 4x4 wheeled group which itself includes subvariants covering a base armored vehicle (Model 5388), a dedicated Armored Personnel Carrier (APC), and armored cargo hauler (Model 53888). Similarly, the 6x6 wheeled model (6396/63968) follows suit but also includes a variation (Model 63969) which is more in line with the amphibious APC / IFV role. This model uses an all-new solid-body hull, revised frontal section, and support for a Remote Weapon Station (RWS) fitted to the hull roof. The line completes with the 8x8 wheeled version (models 6398 and 63988).

Performance from the 6x6 wheeled version includes a maximum road speed of 65 miles per hour with an operational road range out to 745 miles. Drive power is through an RM3-5367 I6 diesel-fueled engine mated to an automatic transmission system.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the KAMAZ Typhoon Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
1 x RM3-5367 I6 diesel engine developing 450 horsepower.
Installed Power
65 mph
105 kph
Road Speed
746 miles
1,200 km
The physical qualities of the KAMAZ Typhoon Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
29.5 ft
9 meters
O/A Length
46,297 lb
21,000 kg | 23.1 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the KAMAZ Typhoon Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
Variable. Also personal weapons carried by the passengers.
Dependent upon armament fit.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the KAMAZ Typhoon family line.
KAMAZ "Typhoon" - Base Series Name
KAMAZ 5388 - 4-wheeled model; base vehicle
KAMAZ 53888 - 4-wheeled model; cargo carrier
KAMAZ 6396 - 6-wheeled model; base vehicle
KAMAZ 63968 - 6-wheeled model; Armored Personnel Carrier.
KAMAZ 6398 - 8-wheeled model; base vehicle
KAMAZ 63988 - 8-wheeled model; Armored Personnel Carrier.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the KAMAZ Typhoon. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 100 Units

Contractor(s): KAMAZ - Russia
National flag of Russia

[ Russia ]
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Image of the KAMAZ Typhoon
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Image of the KAMAZ Typhoon
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The KAMAZ Typhoon Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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