The A-222 "Bereg" was born from development work occurring during the late-Cold War years and not formally unveiled until 1993 at an Abu Dhabi exhibition. Its battlefield scope is as a "coastal defense gun" fielding the powerful 130mm AK-130 gun system atop the 8x8 wheeled chassis of the MAZ-543 series heavy-duty truck. The A-222 has gone on to see limited production and remains in service solely with Russian forces, these confined to the Novorossiysk naval base along the Black Sea.
The vehicle weighs 96,000lb and sports an overall length of 43 feet, a width of 10 feet and a height of 13 feet. Its operating crew numbers eight personnel. The gun mounting hardware allows for an elevation span of -5 to +50 degrees with traversal of 120 degrees to either side of centerline. The gun holds a reach out to 14 miles and can fire a variety of munition types to suit the battlefield need at a rate of twelve rounds-per-minute. The 8x8 wheeled configuration of the carrier component provides road speeds up to 60 kilometers per hour as well some cross-country capability.
The A-222 Bereg is part of a complete system that includes a Command-and-Control (C2) vehicle, a Combat Support Vehicle (CSV) and up to six of the gun carriers. As a coastal defense weapon, it is charged with countering approaching enemy warships at range. Its firepower can just as easily be turned against land-based targets.
Its introduction into Russian service is interesting, particularly in an age where missiles dominate the battlefield and conventionally-minded coastal defense weaponry is not part of the frontline inventory of any major military.
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