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MAR-290


Tracked Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) (1968)


Land Systems / Battlefield

The Israeli Army MAR-290 system mated the rocket rack of the Soviet Katyusha system with the chassis of an American or British combat tank.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/14/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Having captured large stocks of Soviet-made BM-24 "Katyusha" unguided rocket-launching systems from its neighboring enemies, the nation of Israel reconstituted these weapons for their own service. What resulted as a new series of tracked Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRSs) which went to carry to the designation of "MAR-290". The conversion began in the late 1960s and eventually involved two combat tank chassis - the American M4 Sherman Medium Tank (of World War 2 vintage) and the British-made Centurion Main Battle Tank (MBT) - serving as carrier vehicles.

The modification saw arrangement of a four-tube launcher unit sat over the existing tank chassis - as such the vehicle retained its performance capabilities including favorable off-road mobility. The launcher was designed to face the rear of the vehicle while elevation was controlled through a hydraulic arm which angled the launcher to the required degree. The four launch tubes were 290mm in caliber and seated either High Explosive, FRAGmentation (HE-FRAG) or anti-personnel cluster munition rockets that were 5.45 meters in length and weighed some 600 kilograms apiece. Engagement ranges were out to 25,000 meters with a firing window of just 10 seconds needed. Reloading could be accomplished in 10 minutes. The finalized vehicle featured a typical crew complement of four and was locally defensed by a single 7.62mm medium machine gun as well as any personal weapons carried by the crew.

MAR-290 vehicles were first used in anger during the 1982 Lebanon War.

Specifications



Service Year
1968

Origin
Israel national flag graphic
Israel

Crew
4
CREWMEN
Production
100
UNITS


State Factories - Israel
National flag of Israel Israel
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.


Length
24.6 ft
7.5 m
Width
11.1 ft
3.38 m
Height
11.2 ft
3.4 m
Weight
65,036 lb
29,500 kg
Tonnage
32.5 tons
MEDIUM
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base MAR-290 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: VARIABLE: 1 x Engine developing between 400 and 650 horsepower.
Speed
21.7 mph
(35.0 kph)
Range
279.6 mi
(450.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base MAR-290 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 290mm Rocket Launcher Unit.


Supported Types




(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Variable - dependent upon rocket launcher installation and reloads carried by accompanying resupply vehicle (if any).


MAR-290 - Base Series Designation
MAR-290 (Sherman) - Katyusha launcher on Sherman Medium Tank chassis.
MAR-290 (Centurion) - Katyusha launcher on Centurion Main Battle Tank chassis.


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