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T-34/122 (T-122)

Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Tracked Combat Vehicle

Syria | 1973

"The Syrian Army modified some World War 2-era T-34 Medium Tanks to take on the 122mm D-30 howitzer as a tracked Self-Propelled Gun platform."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/04/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
With an expiring stock of Soviet-made, World War 2-era T-34 Medium Tanks on hand as well as a healthy supply of Soviet 122mm D-30 howitzers, the Syrian Army adopted the "T-34/122" as a Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) vehicle. The chassis, hull, and running gear of the T-34 remained largely unchanged which preserved much of the vehicle's mobility and performance while the D-30 and its mounting / recoil hardware was installed along the frontal section of the tank. In this way, the weapon faced the rear of the vehicle but maintained a proper center of gravity which made the T-34/122 system a sound gunnery platform conversion. To keep the conversion process simple, the gun station used an open-air design with rear-mounted folding platform. First use of the T-34/122 came in the 1973 Yom Kippur War against Israel.

Drive power for the new vehicle came from a V-2 series 12-cylinder diesel-fueled engine of 493 horsepower. The running gear included five road wheels to a hull side. A typical crew complement numbered seven with the driver protected from the elements due to his position within the forward hull. The howitzer's mounting hardware included the needed elevation and traverse controls for the gunnery crew. The main gun barrel was capped by a multi-slotted muzzle brake to contend with the inherently powerful recoil effects of the 122mm weapon. Resupply of 122mm projectiles came from accompanying ammunition carriers.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the T-34/122 (T-122) Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Tracked Combat Vehicle.
1 x V-2 12-cylinder diesel-fueled engine developing 493 horsepower.
Installed Power
34 mph
55 kph
Road Speed
224 miles
360 km
The physical qualities of the T-34/122 (T-122) Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Tracked Combat Vehicle.
20.7 ft
6.3 meters
O/A Length
9.8 ft
3 meters
O/A Width
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the T-34/122 (T-122) Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Tracked Combat Vehicle.
1 x 122mm D-30 howitzer.
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Notable series variants as part of the T-34/122 (T-122) family line.
T-34/122 - Base Series Designation
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the T-34/122 (T-122). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 30 Units

Contractor(s): State Factories - Syria
National flag of Syria

[ Syria ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The T-34/122 (T-122) Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Tracked Combat Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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