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4x4 Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle

South Africa | 1995

"The Mamba 4x4 wheeled series of Armored Personnel Carriers has seen extensive service all over the world."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/16/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Reumech OMC produces the "Mamba" Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicle which has since seen over 800 units built since introduction and used in conflicts such as the Kosovo War (1998-1999), the Somali Civil War (ongoing), the Iraq War (2003-2011) and the DRC's Kivu Conflict (2004-Present). Design work on the type began in 1988 by local South African industry to satisfy a 1987 South African Army requirement and, following successful trials, production commenced in 1990. The Mamba was developed as a direct successor to the South African-originated "Buffel" truck detailed elsewhere on this site.

Both are used in the military and security roles owing to their inherent versatility and survivability characteristics.

The truck showcases a traditional arrangement through a four-wheeled chassis. The chassis is elevated for improved cross-country mobility as well as crew survivability. The engine sits in the bow of the hull with the driving section immediately aft. The driving section is part of the passenger compartment and both take up the middle-rear of the vehicle. Glass surfaces are bullet-resistant against small arms fire and armor protection can be augmented as needed to meet more modern threats - particularly from hidden explosives to the side or underneath the truck. The typical operating crew is two (driver and vehicle commander) and, depending on production variant, up to nine passengers can be carried under protection against small arms fire and artillery spray. The driver sits at front-left. A spare road wheel is carried on the frame - either along the middle or rear wall side (port side). A large access door dominates the rear wall of the passenger cabin.

Variants of the line include the original Mamba Mk 1 by TFM Industries (later becoming Ruemech OMC) - these were 2x4 powered with Toyota Dyna chassis (succeeded in 1994 by a UNIMOG truck chassis). Among this stock were the "Puma", Reva Mk 1, Springbuck Mk 1 sub-variants. The Mamba Mk 2 was an improvement of the original by Sandock Austral and TFM. Sub-variants of this mark were the Mamba Mk 2 EE and SW, "Komanche", "Sabre", Alvis 4 and 8, RG-31 Nyala (detailed elsewhere on this site), Reva mk 2, "Romad". and Springbuck Mk 2. The Mamba Mk 3, built by Alvis OMC, carried Mercedes Benz 312N series engine and produced the Reva Mk 3 sub-variant by ICP.

The more modern Mamba Mk 5 is powered by an Italian Iveco Euro3 series engine and is built by Osprea Logistics SA and includes the Mamba Mk 5 "Magirus" which is currently marketed by Osprea with increased surviability. The Mamba Mk 7 is the latest offering, powered by a Deutz BF6L9I4C engine with improved armor protection and also built by Osprea.

The basic design (Mamba Mk 1) has a weight of 7.11 short tons with a running length of 19.2 feet, a width of 7.8 feet, and a height of 8 feet.

Typical armament load out is a single 12.7mm Browning M2 heavy machine gun or equivalent and can also include any personal weapons carried by the occupants and fired through the available gun ports.

The vehicle sits on a coil spring suspension system and features a ground claearance of up to 15 inches (Mk 2 model). Early models were powered by a Toyota JO 5C 4-cylinder diesel of 139 horsepower while later ones have come online with a Mercedes-Benz OM352 6-cylinder diesel of 123 horsepower. Road speeds reach 63 miles per hour with a range out to 560 miles.

Operators of the Mamba vehicle include the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, Uganda, and the United Kingdom. Thailand is one of the largest foreign Mamba operators with some 87 in inventory (2019).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Mamba 4x4 Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
1 x Mercedes-Benz 312N turbocharged diesel-fueled engine driving conventional four-wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
63 mph
102 kph
Road Speed
404 miles
650 km
The physical qualities of the Mamba 4x4 Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
18.0 ft
5.5 meters
O/A Length
7.2 ft
2.2 meters
O/A Width
8.2 ft
2.5 meters
O/A Height
12,269 lb
5,565 kg | 6.1 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Mamba 4x4 Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
Dependent upon armament installation.
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Notable series variants as part of the Mamba family line.
Mamba - Base Series Designation
Mamba Mk 1 - Original production 2x4 model by TFM Industries (Reumech OMC).
Mamba Mk 2 - Improved production model (4x4 form) by Sandock Austral.
Mamba Mk 3 - 4x4 model with Mercedes-Benz 312N engine by Alvis OMC.
Mamba Mk 5 "Iveco" - 4x4 model with Iveco Euro 3 engine by Osprea.
Mamba Mk 5 "Magirus" - Improved suitability model by Osprea.
Mamba Mk 7 - 4x4 model with Deutz BF6L9I4C Turbo engine by Osprea.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Mamba. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 500 Units

Contractor(s): TFM Industries / Alvis / Reumech / Osprea / Sandock Austral / BAe Land Systems - South Africa
National flag of Argentina National flag of Canada National flag of Estonia National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of Italy National flag of Norway National flag of South Africa National flag of Sudan National flag of Sweden National flag of Switzerland National flag of Tanzania National flag of Uganda National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States

[ Argentina; Burundi; Canada; Estonia; Indonesia; Iraq; Italy; Ivory Coast; Kenya; Norway; Republic of the Congo; South Africa; Sudan; South Sudan; Sweden; Switzerland; Tanzania; Uganda; United Kingdom; United States ]
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Image of the Mamba
Image from the South African Army website.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Mamba 4x4 Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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