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BAe RG-31 Nyala

Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) / Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle

South Africa | 2006

"The South African RG-31 Nyala MRAP has found sales success all over the world including with the forces of Canada and the United States."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/29/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The RG-31 "Nyala" is another armored vehicle entry in the MRAP (Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected) category offered by BAe Systems Land Systems OMC of South Africa. American and coalition experience in the urban fighting of the Afghan and Iraqi theaters of war showcased a market deficiency in well-armored vehicles when entering contested, congested city areas. Regular HUMVEEs were fodder to Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and buried land mines to the point that the series was finally "up-armored" by both officially-sanctioned kits and in-the-field modifications undertaken by crews. As such, the market for MRAP vehicles grew to the point that there are plenty of players on the global market ready to sell their wares - South African experience with such vehicles from past conflicts puts the BAe offerings ahead of the pack.

The Nyala is a 7+ ton 4x4 wheeled vehicle offering protection for its crew and drive system through a V-shaped hull, armored walls and floor and bullet resistant glass. A high ground clearance provides excellent cross-country capability. The engine installation varies based on customer and can support a Daimler-Benz, Iveco, Detroit Diesel and Cummins diesel-fueled unit as needed. The suspension system is a full 4x4 and road speeds reach 62 miles per hour with a range out to 560 miles. Dimensionally the vehicle is given a length of 21 feet, a width of 8 feet and a height of 8.6 feet. The high profile is offset some by excellent vision over-the-hood and around the vehicle proper, increasing situational awareness some.

The driver sites conventionally at front-left, aft of the engine compartment, with seating for one to his right. Passengers take up positions over the enclosed vehicle rear and circular firing ports dot the side windows of the compartment. Up to six combat-ready personnel can be carried in addition to the operating crew (some versions seat as many as eight passengers). Beyond the pair of hinged, automobile-style side doors provided for the driver and front passenger, a rear door is added for entry-exit of the cabin by the rear passengers.

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The RG-31 is available in a plethora of battlefield flavors to suit customer needs: the RG-31 Mk 3A is a basic Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) variant while the RG-31 MK 5A follows as an extended-hull version of the standard Mk 5 model. The RG-31 Mk 6E is given an enhanced survivability package and the RG-31M provides additional standard features (such as a central tire inflation system) not seen in base models. The RG-31 "Charger" is a named variant in service with the United States Army and is based on the Mk 3 and Mk 5 production models outfitted with a Detroit Diesel and Cummins engine, respectively. Another named variant, the RG-31 "Sabre" is a cargo-minded form.

There is an inherent flexibility in design of the RG-31 series and, as such, weapons fits are variable. Some forces used a manned armored (open-topped) turret mounting a 0.50 caliber Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) while others opt for a Remote Weapon System (RWS) approach. Still others feature a simpler, completely open-air 0.50 caliber HMG fit.

Operators of the RG-31 series include Canada (Army, Police), Colombia (Army, limited stock), Indonesia, Iraq, Mali, Nigeria (single example), Rwanda, South Africa, Spain (Army), Swaziland (Army), the United Arab Emirates (Mk 5 version) and the United States (Army, Marine Corps and Special Forces - Mk 3 and Mk 5 models used).

Beyond its given direct-military roles, the RG-31 has been adopted by governmental security forces and has been used in general peacekeeping operations (a stock of thirty vehicles is operated by the United Nations).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the BAe RG-31 Nyala Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) / Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
Variable: 1 x Daimler-Benz OM 352A 6-cylinder diesel engine developing 123 horsepower OR 1 x Iveco Tector F4AE0681D diesel engine OR 1 x Detroit Diesel diesel engine OR 1 x Cummins QSB 6-cylinder diesel engine developing 275 horsepower.
Installed Power
62 mph
100 kph
Road Speed
559 miles
900 km
The physical qualities of the BAe RG-31 Nyala Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) / Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
2 + 6
21.0 ft
6.4 meters
O/A Length
8.1 ft
2.47 meters
O/A Width
8.6 ft
2.63 meters
O/A Height
14,551 lb
6,600 kg | 7.3 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the BAe RG-31 Nyala Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) / Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle.
Variable. Typically 1 x 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG). Also any personal weapons carried by the crew and passengers.
Dependent upon armament installation.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the BAe RG-31 Nyala family line.
RG-31 "Nyala" - Base Series Designation
RG-31 Mk 3A - Base Armored Personnel Carrier version
RG-31 Mk 5
RG-31 Mk 5E - Extended hull model; increased crew protection.
RG-31 Mk 6E - Increased crew protection scheme
RG-31 "Charger" - U.S. Army model based on Mk 3 and Mk 5 types; Detroit Diesel and Cummins engines fitted.
RG-31 "Sabre" - Cargo-carrying model
RG-31M - Improved variant with additional base features.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the BAe RG-31 Nyala. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 2,520 Units

Contractor(s): BAe Systems Land Systems OMC - South Africa
National flag of Canada National flag of Colombia National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of Nigeria National flag of Rwanda National flag of South Africa National flag of Spain National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United States

[ Canada; Colombia; Indonesia; Iraq; Mali; Nigeria; Rwanda; South Africa; Spain; Swaziland; United Arab Emirates; United States ]
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Image of the BAe RG-31 Nyala
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The BAe RG-31 Nyala Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) / Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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