Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024) Special Forces
Land Systems / Battlefield


5-ton Multi-Purpose Military Truck [ 1982 ]

The M939 Truck saw production from 1982 to 1989 and has revealed a plethora of useful haulers in service since.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/07/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

For decades the United States Army had relied on the M39 series 5-ton trucks as a primary heavy-hauler introduced during the 1950s and the 5-ton inventory was broadened some during the 1970s when the M809 was taken into service. By the end of the decade, thought had turned to an improved version of the M809 which AM General developed as the XM939 - to become the M939 in formal service. A pair of pilot vehicles were completed for evaluation and service introduction occurred in 1982. Since then, the line has grown through many variants evolved from the same base design.

The basic hauler utilized a 6x6, fully-suspended wheel scheme and was powered by a Cummins model NHC 250 series 6-cylinder diesel engine of 240 horsepower coupled to a 5-speed transmission system. Overall weight of the vehicle was 22,750 pounds while dimensions included a length of 25.6 feet, a width of 8 feet and a height of 9.6 feet. Road speeds could reach 65 miles per hour with a range out to 350 miles. The overall arrangement of the truck was conventional with the engine at front, the driving cab immediately behind and a flatbed section over the rear customized to suit a particular battlefield role.

AM General was issued an initial production contract in 1981 for 11,394 of the trucks. For a time, M939 trucks were being manufactured concurrently with the M809s they eventually succeeded. Early M939 examples were built from existing M809 vehicle stocks as AM General was responsible for their manufacture as well (unlike the M39 which arrived from International Harvester, Kaiser and others). The primary M939 and M939A1 trucks were by AM General proper while the subsequent M939A2 model (with Cummins 6CTA8.3 diesel engines) came from Bowen-McLaughlin-York (BMY).

The series eventually grew to include a slew of models evolved from the basic truck form. This included cargo haulers, a dump truck, a tractor truck (for trailer hauling), an expandable bed truck (a housing fitted over the flatbed rear) and a "wrecker" featuring a heavy-duty winch set over the rear. Even within some of these marks came sub-variants as in the M927 born from the family of cargo haulers - the M923 to M928 line. M939s have also been modified for active combat zone service like those serving in Iraq - showcasing "up-armored" cabs for some protection against small arms fire and IEDs.

The M939 family has gone on to see considerable export to American allies (either current or former) including Argentina, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Mexico, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


AM General / Bowen-McLaughlin-York (BMY) - USA
Argentina; Ecuador; Egypt; Indonesia; Iraq; Lebanon; Malaysia; Mexico; Morocco; Philippines; Saudi Arabia; Taiwan; Turkey; United States
Operators National flag of Argentina National flag of Ecuador National flag of Egypt National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of Lebanon National flag of Malaysia National flag of Mexico National flag of Morocco National flag of the Philippines National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of Taiwan National flag of Turkey National flag of the United States
Service Year
United States
National Origin

General utility-minded design to accomplish a variety of battlefield tasks, typically in a non-direct-combat fashion.

22.0 ft
(6.7 meters)
8.2 ft
(2.5 meters)
9.3 ft
(2.82 meters)
20,944 lb
(9,500 kg)
10.5 tons

1 x Cummins 6CTA8.3 diesel engine developing 240 horsepower.
Drive System
62 mph
(100 kph)
Road Speed
480 miles
(773 km)
Road Range

None save for personal weapons carried by the crew.

M939 - Base Series Designation
M923 Cargo
M924 Cargo
M925 Cargo
M926 Cargo
M927 Cargo
M928 Cargo
M929 Dump
M930 Dump
M931 Tractor
M932 Tractor
M934 Expansible
M935 Expansible
M936 Wrecker

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


1 / 1
Image of the M939
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)