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10.5cm leFH 16


105mm Towed Field Howitzer


Imperial Germany | 1916



"10.5cm leFH 16 series howitzers arrived in time to see action in World War 1 and survived the interwar years to see service in World War 2."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/06/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
When the once-fluid fronts of World War 1 degraded into trench warfare, all sides sought methods for dislodging the entrenched enemy. Artillery was one such weapon and it proved highly critical against all manner of targets - infantry, fortifications, tanks. As such, field guns and howitzers proliferated the various fronts that began to spring up by the time of early 1915. Field guns offered direct line-of-fire attack angles while howitzers dealt with target areas through indirect fire by lobbing their munitions loads. In 1916, the Imperial German Army took on the new "10.5cm leiche Feldhaubitze 16" (105mm light Field Howitzer Model of 1916) series guns. These guns would serve the German Empire until the end of the fighting in November of 1918. Manufacture was through Krupp.

Its design was highly classical, incorporating large, spoked wheels to either side of the box trail carriage arrangement. The gun and recoil mechanism was set atop the mounting hardware which provided an inherent elevation span of -10 to +40 degrees. Traverse was limited to 4-degrees from centerline. The weapon was chambered for a standard 105mm projectile and loaded through a horizontal sliding breech block. The shells were separate loading utilizing a cased charge element. Each projectile weighed 33lbs and were available in a HE (High-Explosive) or AP (Armor-Piercing) flavor. A typical gunnery crew numbered six personnel, each charged with a certain task during the firing and reloading phase and ammunition supplies were only limited to those on hand from artillery tractors or similar stores. The crew was only minimally protected through a curved gun shield ahead of the breech. A cutout along the left-hand side of the shield allowed for protected vision beyond the shield itself.

As a complete battlefield piece, the leFH 16 weighed 3,360lbs which required the services of mover vehicles or animals for transport. The crew could, with much effort, relocate the gun across short distances. A trained gunnery crew could fire off between four and five rounds per minute for sustained fire out to ranges reaching 10,100 yards. Muzzle velocity was 1,300 feet per second.

With the Armistice of 1918, the guns fell into Belgian Army hands as war reparations for the German invasion. These existed under this ownership until the second invasion of Belgium by Germany during the opening salvoes of World War 2. Once Belgium was again conquered, these guns then fell back into the German inventory and were redesignated as "10.5cm leFH 327(b)" - the lower-case "b" signifying their Belgian origins, this despite the fact that the guns were truly German in their origin. The weapons then went on to fight under the German flag once more until the end of World War 2 in 1945, usually deployed in areas where the base German Army howitzer stock was limited.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the 10.5cm leFH 16 105mm Towed Field Howitzer.
None. This is a towed artillery piece.
Installed Power
6 miles
9 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the 10.5cm leFH 16 105mm Towed Field Howitzer.
6
(MANNED)
Crew
8.2 ft
2.5 meters
O/A Length
3,362 lb
1,525 kg | 1.7 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the 10.5cm leFH 16 105mm Towed Field Howitzer.
1 x 105mm barrel
AMMUNITION:
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the 10.5cm leFH 16 family line.
10.5cm leFH 16 - Base Series Designation
10.5cm leFH 327(b) - World War 2 Germany Army designation of captured Belgian systems.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the 10.5cm leFH 16. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 500 Units

Contractor(s): Krupp - Imperial Germany
National flag of Belgium National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Belgium; Imperial Germany; Nazi Germany ]
1 / 1
Image of the 10.5cm leFH 16
Image from the Public Domain.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
FIRE SUPPORT / ASSAULT / BREACHING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The 10.5cm leFH 16 105mm Towed Field Howitzer appears in the following collections:
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