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NORINCO Type 70-1

Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Vehicle

China | 1970

"The Chinese Army Type 70-1 Self-Propelled Gun was built from the chassis and running gear of the Type 63-1 Armored Personnel Carrier."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/08/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation) Type 70 became the first Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) vehicle to be produced by Chinese factories. This form was nothing more than a turreted gun carrier built atop the existing framework of the NORINCO Type 63-1 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) in Chinese military service. The Type 63-1 was notable in becoming the first Chinese-made APC to be designed, developed, and built without Soviet input.

The Type 70 SPA retained the same inherent capabilities of the Type 63 APC including its four roadwheels to a hull side and was driven by a turbo-charged diesel-fueled unit. The hull sat atop a torsion bar suspension system and used a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement. In time, this vehicle was updated to become the "Type 70-1" SPA which, due to its lengthened hull, now sported five roadwheels to a hull side. Unlike the original Type 70, the Type 70-1 was finished with no overhead or rear protection for its gunnery crew - retaining only the frontal and side shields. The total vehicle crew numbered seven.

The gun mounting for the 122mm barrel/gun tube allowed for a traversal of +22.5 degrees left and right from centerline and an elevation span of +63 to -2.5 degrees up and down. The main gun could reach out to target areas of 11,800 meters and fired the usual gamut of projectile types including High-Explosive (HE), smoke, and illumination rounds. A total of 40 x 122mm projectiles were typically carried along with 1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.

Beyond its 122mm main gun armament, the vehicle was completed with a 7.62mm Type 67 machine gun based on the Soviet RP-46 system. This weapon could be brought to bear against enemy infantry as well as low-flying threats.

The Type 70-1 was eventually superseded by the 122mm Type 85 design which was followed by the 122mm Type 89 itself.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the NORINCO Type 70-1 Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Vehicle.
1 x Model 6150L 6-cylinder, water-cooled inline, diesel-fueled engine developing 260 horsepower at 2,000rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
35 mph
56 kph
Road Speed
311 miles
500 km
The physical qualities of the NORINCO Type 70-1 Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Vehicle.
18.4 ft
5.6 meters
O/A Length
9.8 ft
3 meters
O/A Width
9.0 ft
2.73 meters
O/A Height
33,951 lb
15,400 kg | 17.0 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the NORINCO Type 70-1 Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Vehicle.
1 x 122mm M-30 (Model 1938) howitzer gun tube.
1 x 7.62mm Type 67 (RP-46) Anti-Aircraft (AA) / Anti-Infantry machine gun.
40 x 122mm projectiles.
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
Nightvision - YES
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES
Notable series variants as part of the NORINCO Type 70-1 family line.
Type 70-1 - Base Series Designation.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the NORINCO Type 70-1. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 250 Units

Contractor(s): China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The NORINCO Type 70-1 Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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