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M752 Lance

Self-Propelled Tracked Battlefield Missile Carrier

United States | 1972

"Developed in the 1970s, the Lance missile carrier was finally declared obsolete in 1992."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/23/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Requiring a new tactical missile launcher for the battlefields of the Cold War, the United States military adopted the M752 "Lance" missile system. The vehicle was a tracked, self-propelled unit comprised of the launcher unit itself, the missile section and the resupply vehicle. The unit was made available to some allies of the period as well and remained active from 1972 until 1992.

The MGM-52 Lance missile component of the M752 carrier was manufactured by Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) and carried a warhead developed by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The missiles were propelled by a liquid-propellant rocket motor out to ranges of 75 miles at speeds greater than Mach 3.0. An inertial guidance system provided direction and the warhead blast yield of the nuclear warheads measured 100 kilotons. Warheads could also consist of conventional payloads for anti-fortification, anti-tank duty. Over 2,100 missiles were produced and operated by the forces of the United States, Britain, Belgium, Israel, Italy, West Germany and the Netherlands.

The M752 carrier component was born from the M548 carrier family of vehicles. The M548 was developed to a Signal Corps requirement intending to carry the AN/MPQ-32 series counter-battery radar fit but this was not to be. Despite this, the M548 went on to find its value as the basis for several other tracked vehicle systems. Its running gear was based on that of the ubiquitous M113 (M113A1 production model) which permeated the inventories of many Western powers during the Cold War (with many in service even today - 2015).

The M548 went on to form the framework for the M667 vehicle which was then used to create both the M752 missile launcher/carrier as well as its resupply vehicle, the M688. The M667 design was differentiated from the base M548 by its narrower, lower profile cab and given a loading ramp at the rear of the hull as well as suspension locks for stability when loading/unloading its cargo. The M688 carried two missiles and appropriate loading hardware to replenish a spent M752 missile launcher unit. In this way, a single M752 had access to three total missiles in-the-field and were typically deployed in two launcher sets along with two corresponding reload vehicles providing six "ready-to-fire" missiles for the launch crew. Prior to firing, the cab roof was raised over the operator.

Deployment of the Lance missile system was in 1972 and the line succeeded several outdated, outgoing types of similar mission scope then in service with the U.S. Army and Navy branches. It was featured across eight total U.S. Army Field Artillery Regiments with a bulk based in West Germany and some deployed to South Korea. European units were withdrawn from 1987 onwards following the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty of December covering medium-ranged launched weapons (conventional and nuclear tipped) with a reach of 300 miles to 3,400 miles.

The M752 Lance and its missile were replaced in U.S. service by the M720 MLRS (Multiple Launcher Rocket System) and M142 HIMARS (High Mobility Artillery Rocket System) vehicle lines, the former tracked (using the M2 Bradley chassis) and the latter 6x6 wheeled.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the M752 Lance Self-Propelled Tracked Battlefield Missile Carrier.
1 x Detroit Diesel GM 6V53 diesel engine developing 212 horsepower at 1,300rpm.
Installed Power
35 mph
56 kph
Road Speed
300 miles
482 km
The physical qualities of the M752 Lance Self-Propelled Tracked Battlefield Missile Carrier.
19.7 ft
6 meters
O/A Length
8.9 ft
2.7 meters
O/A Width
33,069 lb
15,000 kg | 16.5 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the M752 Lance Self-Propelled Tracked Battlefield Missile Carrier.
1 x Lance battlefield nuclear missile
1 x Lance missile. Carrier vehicle supplied an additional two missiles for reloading.
Nightvision - NONE
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES
Notable series variants as part of the M752 Lance family line.
M752 "Lance" - Primary Lance missile carrier vehicle.
M668 - Loader/Transporter vehicle for Lance missile
M667 - Carrier vehicle forming the basis of the M752 and M668 tracked vehicle systems, itself based on the M548 carrier.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the M752 Lance. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 550 Units

Contractor(s): State Factories - USA
National flag of Belgium National flag of modern Germany National flag of Israel National flag of Italy National flag of the Netherlands National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States

[ Belgium; Germany; West Germany; Israel; Italy; Netherlands; United Kingdom; United States ]
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Image of the M752 Lance
Image from the United States Army image archives.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The M752 Lance Self-Propelled Tracked Battlefield Missile Carrier appears in the following collections:
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