×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2

Type 93 Kokusan (Hokoku-Go)


6x6 Armored Car (1932)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 1
Image courtesy of the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type 93 Kokusan was one of the several Japanese World War 2-era military armored cars based on existing commercial truck chassis.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/01/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
In the years leading up to World War 2, Imperial Japan had procured many different types of foreign trucks and these then went on to serve as the foundation for several armored cars for the Japanese military. The Type 93 Kokusan was adopted around 1932 and this development was built atop an existing Ford truck chassis. The chassis retained the truck's 6x6 wheel arrangement across three axles (one forward, two aft) with the rear axle pairing set to counter the sheer weight of armoring and machine guns installed. Unditching metal wheels were situated aft of the forward axle. The armored hull superstructure encapsulated the engine block a front, a driver's position at center and a fighting cabin for the gunners over the rear. The end result was typical of armored cars seen from World War 1 onwards with its tall-profile and multi-wheel approach.

In practice, these vehicles proved their value in urban fighting and against foes armed and protected with much less. They suffered from their clumsy designs and large turning radius but, on the whole, they served their role well. Dimensions included a length of 4.8 meters with a width of 1.83 meters and height to turret top of 2.3 meters. The turret was added over the rear section of the superstructure and, in this way, given a commanding view over the vehicle with a full 360-degree traversal allowing freedom to engage targets at all angles. A typical operating crew numbered six and included the driver, commander, and all applicable machine gunners. Armor thickness (bolted-on steel plating) spanned from 4mm to 11mm giving the crew some protection against small arms fire. This protection quickly gave way under large caliber fire. A single vehicle could be outfitted with up to 5 x 6.5mm Type 91 series machine guns including one held in the turret, one at the front panel of the driver's cabin and several used to protect the sides of the vehicle. An optional mounting atop the turret could serve as an Anti-Aircraft fixture.

The Type 93 vehicles retained their Ford powerplants for expediency's sake. These were local, license-built versions of 6-cylinder Ford powerplants outputting at 85 horsepower. Coupled to its transmission system, chassis and hull design, and wheel arrangement, the vehicle could make headway at approximately 50 miles per hour on roads.

Kokusans were known to have been deployed against China with good results, typically by the Imperial Japanese Navy in support of Army or Marine actions. Production is believed to have totaled some 50 units.

Specifications



Service Year
1932

Origin
Imperial Japan national flag graphic
Imperial Japan

Crew
6
CREWMEN
Production
5
UNITS


State Factories - Imperial Japan
National flag of modern Japan Imperial Japan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Armored Car
Design, of typically lightweight nature, providing onroad/offroad capabilities for the scouting or general security roles.


Length
15.7 ft
4.8 m
Width
6.0 ft
1.83 m
Height
7.5 ft
2.3 m
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Type 93 Kokusan production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Ford 6-cylinder gasoline engine developing 85 horsepower.
Speed
49.7 mph
(80.0 kph)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Type 93 Kokusan production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 0.30 caliber Vickers machine gun in turret
1 x 6.5mm Type 91 machine gun in front hull
1 x 6.5mm Type 91 machine gun in left hull panel
1 x 6.5mm Type 91 machine gun in right hull panel

OPTIONAL:
1 x 6.5mm Type 91 machine gun on turret for local air defense.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
1,000 x 0.30 caliber ammunition
2,000 x 6.5mm ammunition.


Type 93 "Kokusan" - Base Series Designation


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-