Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024)
Land Systems / Battlefield

GAZ Tigr (Tiger)

4x4 Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) [ 2007 ]

The GAZ Tigr 4x4 vehicle is the equivalent of the American HUMVEE mobility vehicle.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/27/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Russian originated GAZ-2975 "Tigr" ("Tiger") is the Russian Army equivalent to the ubiquitous HUMVEE multipurpose 4x4 wheeled vehicle of the American military. The type saw its design phase begin in 2001 through the Military Industrial Company (MIC) with production beginning in 2004 and service entry occurring during 2006. The vehicle shares some broad physical similarities with the American offering and has the same multirole, multipurpose, all-terrain battlefield functionality as its competing design.

The Tigr was first showcased to the public during IDEX 2001.

The vehicle is a 16,000lb machine with an overall length of 19 feet, a width of 7.9 feet and a height to the hull roof of 7.9 feet. The forward windscreen is of a two-section arrangement with the sides of the vehicle featuring thick rectangular vision ports. The hull roof line is flat and can mount the optional gun position as in the HUMVEE. Entry/exit for the occupants is by way of hinged, automobile-style doors. The vehicle is suspended atop a torsion bar suspension system for off-road travel and comfort with its four large road wheels set to the extreme corners of the chassis for strong balance. Armor protection ranges from 5mm to 7mm depending on configuration.

Power for the Tigr is served through various American Cummins diesel-fueled offerings in the 6-cylinder mold as well as a YaMZ-534 4-cylinder model. Output ranges from 180- to 215-horsepower depending on installation. The engine is mated to a GAZ JSC 5-speed manual transmission and can alternatively be paired with the Allison LCT-1000 automatic series or the GM 545RFE line. Operational ranges reach 620 miles on internal fuel with a maximum road speed of 87 miles per hour on roads and 50 miles per hour off-road. The driver sits at the front-left of the passenger cabin with a passenger seat to his right over the center console containing the transmission control.

Armament is variable and generally based on mission need. Typical load outs include a single 7.62mm PKP general purpose machine gun or the 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher - much in the same vein as the American HUMVEE.

The Tigr is the standard high mobility vehicle of Russian military forces. Serial production began in full during 2007. A civilian market version has emerged as the Tigr-2. Internal security make use of the SPM-1.

Other variants include the GAZ-2330 unarmored mark and the five-door GAZ-23304. The GAZ-233011 and GAZ-233012 are four- and two-door haulers (respectively) with a flat bed. The GAZ-233013 is an unarmored three-door mark. The Tigr-M is a new updated version with extra armor protection, a diesel powerplant and increased passenger seating. The Kornet-D/EM is the Tigr with the Kornet-EM anti-tank missile launcher fitted atop its roof. The Tigr-6A SPV is a proposed officer battlefield transport.

To date, the Tigr line has been adopted by the militaries and police forces of Armenia, China (partial local production), Congo, Guinea, Mongolia, Nicaragua and Uruguay.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Russia national flag graphic

In Active Service.

Military Industrial Company - Russia
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Armenia National flag of China National flag of Guinea National flag of Nicaragua National flag of Russia National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of Uruguay Armenia; China; Congo; Guinea; Mongolia; Nicaragua; Russia; United Arab Emirates; Uruguay
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.

18.7 ft
5.7 m
7.9 ft
2.4 m
7.9 ft
2.4 m
15,873 lb
7,200 kg
7.9 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the GAZ GAZ-2975 Tigr (Tiger) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: Variable: 1 x Cummins-brand engine of 180 to 215 horsepower.
87.0 mph
(140.0 kph)
621.4 mi
(1,000.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the GAZ GAZ-2975 Tigr (Tiger) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
Variable: Typically 1 x 7.62mm PKP machine gun OR 1 x 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of infantry-level automatic grenade launcher

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Dependent upon armament load out.

Tigr - Base Series Designation
GAZ-2975 - Base Combat Model
GAZ-2330 - Unarmored model
GAZ-23304 - Unarmored five-door variant
GAZ-233001 / GAZ-233011 - Unarmored four-door variant with flatbed.
GAZ-233002 / GAZ-233012 - Unarmored two-door variant with flatbed.
GAZ-233003 / GAZ-233013 - Unarmored three-door variant.
Tigr-2 - Unarmored civilian market variant
SP-46 - Two-door mark with optional roof
SPM-1 - Interior Security Model
SPM-1 AAV ("Aircraft Assault Vehicle") - Hydraulic ladder system.
SPM-2 "Tigr-Alpha-BB" - Heavily Protected Vehicle
R-145BMA - Command Center Vehicle
Kornet-D / EM - Anti-Tank Vehicle Platform
Projekt 420 - Improved Tigr with new diesel engine.
Tigr-M - Improved Tigr with additional armor and new diesel engine.
Tigr-6A SPV - Proposed armored vehicle for officer transport.
Wolf - Modular all-wheel drive vehicle based on the Tigr.
Nimr - UAE-based project based on the Russian Tigr vehicle line.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 2
Image of the GAZ Tigr (Tiger)
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.
2 / 2
Image of the GAZ Tigr (Tiger)
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)