Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024) Special Forces
Land Systems / Battlefield

Lancia Ansaldo IZ / IZM

Armored Car / Security Vehicle [ 1916 ]

Some 120 Lancia Ansaldo IZ armored cars emerged from the fighting of World War 1, seeing action in World War 2 as well.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/11/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

World War 1 (1914-1918) witnessed the first large-scale use of the armored car in warfare. Such vehicles offered protection for a modestly-sized operating crew and provided overwhelming force against regular infantry in a direct firefight. It was only the changing terrain of the war that limited the tactical usefulness of the armored car as the conflict devolved to its "Trench Warfare" status. Armored cars - heavy, large and cumbersome beasts - fared poorly on soft, uneven ground and proved cannon fodder to enemy artillery and machine guns.

The Italians, for their part in the war, manufactured the Lancia 1Z and the related Lancia 1ZM cars - both built by Ansaldo. The 1Z model first appeared during the fighting of 1916 and followed the same form and function of many of the war's armored car offerings - built atop a proven commercial truck chassis and armed with machine guns. A truck manufactured by Lancia made up the framework of the 1Z so the vehicle went on to bear the manufacturer's name as a result.

Externally, the car exhibited the general form of a standard truck of the period - the engine was held in a forward compartment with the driver immediately aft of this installation. Over the rear of the vehicle was set an armored superstructure. The initial production batch of 1Z cars showcased a flat-topped, cylindrical turret over the superstructure. In total there were three machine guns fitted and armor protection for the crew of six reached 9mm. Power for the 3.7 tonne vehicle was from a single gasoline-fueled engine outputting up to 49 horsepower. Road speeds reached 60 kmh with operational ranges out to 300 kilometers. Total production was ten cars built to this standard.

The original 1Z car managed a good-enough showing for its years of combat service so this led to another form emerging - the 1ZM. The 1ZM incorporated slight modifications to the base design , namely the lack of the roof-mounted turret and its associated machine gun fit. Spare tires were also carried along the sides of the hull (near midships) and the armor design at the vehicle's bow was changed some. The 1ZM was ordered through a production batch of 110 cars in 1917 and all were in inventory by the end of 1918 - leading the car to sometimes carry the designation of "Model 1918". At any rate, World War 1 ended in November of that year with the Armistice.

The terrain of the Italian Front limited the combat usefulness of the 1Z / 1ZM series so little operational history was made during this time. The vehicles were used in training by both Italian and American army forces during the war years and it appears that some might have fallen under German and Austro-Hungarian control. After the war, the Italian Army shipped some of the cars overseas to reinforce their colonial holdings, used in security roles against possibly restless natives. The nation of Albania operated a small stock of the cars for local government security.

In the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Italians featured several examples of their Lancia cars in both the invasion of Ethiopia (Second Italo-Ethiopian War - 1935-1936) and in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). By this time, the design was largely outmoded in terms of frontline combat but could still find success against lesser foes.

With World War 2 in full swing following the German invasion of Poland on September 1st, 1939, the Lancia vehicles were still in play to a limited extent. These were primarily limited to the African Campaign where operators went on to include Italy, Afghanistan, Hungary, and Germany. In the German Army inventory, the vehicles were redesignated to "Panzerspahwagen 1ZM(i)".©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Ansaldo (for Lancia) - Italy
Afghanistan; Albania; Austria; Austria-Hungary; Hungary; Italy; Imperial Germany; Nazi Germany; United States
Operators National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Albania National flag of Austria National flag of the Austro-Hungarian Empire National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Hungary National flag of Italy National flag of the United States
Service Year
Kingdom of Italy
National Origin

Design, of typically lightweight nature, providing onroad/offroad capabilities for the scouting or general security roles.
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.

17.7 ft
(5.4 meters)
5.9 ft
(1.8 meters)
7.9 ft
(2.4 meters)
8,157 lb
(3,700 kg)
4.1 tons

1 x Lancia V6 gasoline engine of 35-40 horsepower at 3,000rpm.
Drive System
37 mph
(60 kph)
Road Speed
186 miles
(300 km)
Road Range

1 to 3 x 8mm Breda machine gun(s) or similar.
Not Available.

IZ - Model of 1916; 10 examples completed.
IZM - Model of 1918; 110 examples completed.

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


1 / 1
Image of the Lancia Ansaldo IZ / IZM
Image from the Public Domain.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)