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Nora B-52 (Type 52K1)

8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) Vehicle

Serbia | 2014

"The Nora B-52 152mm 8x8 wheeled self-propelled howitzer vehicle is of a wholly Serbian design and has been progressively evolved since work began in the the 1980s."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/04/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Modern militaries are consistently returning to less expensive, less complicated manufacturing roots by way of wheeled solutions to battlefield requirements. Several armies have already moved to adopt new wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) forms over costlier tracked alternatives and this includes the nation of Serbia. With decades of recent useful combat experience behind them, Serbian engineers have designed and developed an all-modern SPH solution in 8x8 "Nora" B-52. Design work was handled by the Military Technical Institute (Belgrade) with manufacture ongoing through the Complex Battle System Factory of Velika Plana. At least ten prototypes were completed to prove the design sound with frontline units beginning to receive these systems in 2014.

At its core, the vehicle is a 37-ton (short) arrangement sat upon an 8x8, four-axle drive arrangement divided as two forward axle pairs and two rear. The road wheels are large with run-flat capability to provide the necessary clearance for off-road travel while also maintaining strong on-road capabilities (the Serbian landscape requires such tactical flexibility). The truck component of the vehicle - an FAP series mover - contains the driving cabin and front-mounted engine which is aspirated through a slotted grille arrangement. Headlamps are well-protected by being set within the forward downward-angled plate and are further shielded from damage by horizontal wire slats running across them. The cabin windows are bulletproofed against small arms fire and shell splinters and installed with heavy seals. Three windshield panels run across the forward face of the cab with smaller panels seen along the sides. Entry to the cabin is through automobile-style hinged door systems. The gun unit is seated on the aft section of the truck and is allowed its own powered traversal and elevation. Prior to firing, the vehicle has four large support legs lowered for recoil. A trainable, optional 12.7mm heavy machine gun is seated over the right side of the driving cabin for local air defense and operated remotely through a Remote Weapons Station (RWS) - a common trend among fighting vehicles today. This weapon can be replaced by a 7.62mm ant-infantry machine gun as required.

The gun unit itself is a 155mm /52 caliber weapon system fitted to the aft fighting cabin. Later versions of the vehicle feature a fully-enclosed turret cabin with full Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) protection as well as separate access from the forward truck compartment. The weapon is given its own recoil mechanism and is fitted with a double-baffled muzzle break at its "business end". An autoloader speeds up firing rates and reduces the crew commitment. The mounting hardware allows for a traversal of 60 degrees from centerline with an elevation span of -3 to +65 degrees. The system can sustain up to 12 projectiles per minute out to ranges of 19.25 miles.

The drive system of the Nora is powered by a turbocharged diesel engine developing 410 horsepower. Suspension is across all eight wheels to provide the necessary off road functionality. Operational ranges reach 620 miles with a road speed of 56 miles per hour. Cross-country performance is naturally degraded considerably for such a large, wheeled system. These speeds reach about 10 to 15 miles per hour depending on the terrain being traversed.

The B-52 first emerged in an original "K0" form which featured a manual power drive, open-topped turret, and line-of-sight-engagement-only. The "K1" mark introduced a partially-covered turret design with onboard navigation system, digital Fire Control System (FCS), and improved automation. The "M03" then followed from the K0 and K1 mark and it was this finalized form adopted for service by the Serbian Army (the export variant then became the "KE" mark). The "K-I" brought along a fully-enclosed turret with complete NBC crew protection, improved armor protection, improved FCS, and upgraded communications suite. The "K2" is the latest in-development Nora mark intended to improve on the former design's ammunition support, gun accuracy, rate-of-fire, FCS, and overall automation.

The B-52 is currently in service beyond Serbia with the forces of Algeria, Bangladesh, Kenya and Myanmar.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Nora B-52 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) Vehicle.
1 x Turbo-diesel engine developing 410 horsepower.
Installed Power
56 mph
90 kph
Road Speed
621 miles
1,000 km
The physical qualities of the Nora B-52 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) Vehicle.
36.1 ft
11 meters
O/A Length
9.8 ft
3 meters
O/A Width
11.5 ft
3.5 meters
O/A Height
77,162 lb
35,000 kg | 38.6 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Nora B-52 (Type 52K1) 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) Vehicle.
1 x 152mm/155mm main gun.
1 x 7.62mm machine gun OR 1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun in Remote Weapon Station (RWS).
Not Available.
Nightvision - YES
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES
Notable series variants as part of the Nora B-52 (Type 52K1) family line.
Nora B-52 - Base Series Designation.
B-52 K0 - Original product; open-topped turret; line-of-sight-only engagement; manual power drive system.
B-52 K1 - Partially-enclosed turret section; improved automation; modern navigation and FCS system.
B-52 M03 - Features of both K0 and K1 designs; Serbian Army model.
B-52 KE - Export variant of the M03.
B-52 K-I - Improved armor protection; enclosed turret; full NBC protection; improved surviveability; improved communications suite.
B-52 K2 - In-development model; improved FCS, automation, ammunition support and accuracy, and gun rate-if-fire.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Nora B-52 (Type 52K1). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 80 Units

Contractor(s): Complex Battle System Factory - Serbia
National flag of Algeria National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Myanmar National flag of Serbia

[ Algeria; Bangladesh; Kenya; Myanmar; Serbia ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Nora B-52 (Type 52K1) 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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