Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024)
Land Systems / Battlefield

Type 95

Reconnaissance Car / Multi-Purpose Military Vehicle [ 1937 ]

The limited-production Type 95 reconnaissance car was comparable to the American jeep in its battlefield role for the Imperial Japanese Army.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/01/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Heading into World War 2 (1939-1945), the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) relied largely on civilian cars and commercial trucks to serve in the required reconnaissance / local security roles - and many of these were American in their origin. The invasion, and subsequent occupation, of Manchuria under false pretenses showcased a dire need for a dedicated military-grade armored scout car and this gave rise to an indigenous design offered by Kurogane known as the "Type 95". Production eventually amounted to 4,800 examples and these arrived in various body forms though all were developed to a basic standard of qualities and utilized in similar battlefield roles.

The Type 95 gave good service in the Manchurian climate where its air-cooled engine could be depended upon to keep engines from not overheating and, since there proved few sources of good water available, there was no reliance on liquid-cooling these engines. A four-wheel drive system allowed for the needed cross-country capabilities and drive power came from a VIAF 2-cylinder gasoline engine of 33 horsepower. The gearbox incorporated a selective sliding type design and included three forward and a single reverse gear. To aid in traversing extremely rough terrains, a special set of tires could be installed to provide better traction. Overall weight stood at 2,425 pounds.

The general configuration of the car was traditional with the engine at front and passenger areas to the middle and rear. A light metal body was set atop the chassis which held its large roadwheels at the corners. Two persons sat side-by-side at the center of the car though there was only room for one in the rear seating area. The cars were seen in both open-topped and covered forms during their service time and a flatbed truck variant was also fashioned. Production spanned from 1937 until 1945 and, beyond their service in Manchuria and against China, they were also fielded against the Soviet Union. The vehicles held little value in the years following the close of the war and they were never wholly perfect solutions - they held little to no armoring for the crew but were nonetheless available in the numbers needed.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Imperial Japan national flag graphic
Imperial Japan


National flag of modern Japan Imperial Japan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Armored Car
Design, of typically lightweight nature, providing onroad/offroad capabilities for the scouting or general security roles.
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.
General utility-minded design to accomplish a variety of battlefield tasks, typically in a non-direct-combat fashion.
Special Purpose
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.

11.1 ft
3.38 m
5.0 ft
1.52 m
5.5 ft
1.68 m
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Type 95 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Personal weapons carried by the crew.

Supported Types

Graphical image of the M3 Grease Gun submachine gun

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Dependent upon personal weapons carried.

Type 95 - Base Series Designation

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image of the Type 95
Image from the Public Domain.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)