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Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in


Breech-Loading Field Cannon


United States | 1885



"The 3.2 US Model 1885 Field Cannon superseded the 3-inch Ordnance rifles in U.S. Army service and improved performance through its breech-loaded action."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/21/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The 3.2" Field Cannon Model 1885 appeared after the bloody experiences of the American Civil War (1861-1865) and succeeded the popular 3" Ordnance Rifle line. It improved upon its predecessor in being a breech-loaded weapon with a rifled barrel unlike the breech-loaded, rifled 3" Ordnance Rifle. Design of the weapon was traditional for the period and included twin, heavily-spoked road wheels along a single axle containing the mounting and trailing tow arm. The barrel was affixed to the mounting system and tapered along its length, producing three visible divisions leading to the muzzle. A screw-type device allowed for limited elevation values to be achieved while traversal was handled by simply moving the gun about its wheeled carriage. Basic road transport was via horse (or similar beast-of-burden) while an iron-framed, two-wheeled limber provided the ammunition supply and four-wheeled road functionality (when towed over distance).

The Model 1855's breech incorporated a screw-type arrangement hinged to open to the left and expose the breech of the gun. When closed, it protected the crew and sealed the chamber for the detonating action within. The breech-loading system of operation allowed for greater rates-of-fire to be achieved and improved the tactical value of the field gun in general. These guns were also fitted with a simple form of recoil dampening - whereas basic guns throttled rearwards after firing (and moved back into position by the crew), the Model 1885 recoiled rearwards and then was thrust forwards automatically, landing near the original site of firing. This lessened the time and manpower required to realign the gun for a successive shot. The action earned the cannon the nickname of "grasshopper" and the weapon went on to serve in the Spanish-American War (1898) and the Philippine American War (1899-1902).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in Breech-Loading Field Cannon.
None. This is a towed artillery piece.
Installed Power
Structure
The physical qualities of the Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in Breech-Loading Field Cannon.
6
(MANNED)
Crew
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in Breech-Loading Field Cannon.
1 x 3.2" (81mm) main gun barrel.
AMMUNITION:
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in family line.
3.2 US Model 1885 - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 3,500 Units

Contractor(s): State Arsenals - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
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Going Further...
The Model 1885 U.S. 3.2in Breech-Loading Field Cannon appears in the following collections:
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