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Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha


Armored Car / Tankette / Light Tank Tracked Combat Vehicle


Imperial Japan | 1932



"The Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha was classified by the Japanese Army as an armored car though it was more akin to a light tank - or tankette."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/13/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Exposure to foreign "tankette" types led the Empire of Japan in design and production of its first local tankette product - the Type 92 "Jyu-sokosha". Design work began in 1931 which led to production spanning 1932 into 1939. Some 167 of the vehicle were produced in time for World War 2 (1939-1945).

As built, the vehicle showcased a weight of 3.5 tons and a crew of three. Dimensions included a length of 13 feet, a width of 5 feet, 4 inches and a height of 6 feet. Armor protection ranged from 6mm to 12mm which would prove suitable against small arms fire. Main armament was a 13mm Type 92 series heavy machine gun coupled with a 7.7mm Type 97 light machine gun. Power was served from an Ishikawajima (Franklin) Sumida C6 model air-cooled, inline 6-cylinder, gasoline-fueled engine developing 45 horsepower. Operational range was limited to 120 miles with a top road speed of 25 miles per hour. The hull was suspended atop a Bell crank suspension system. The superstructure showcased both flat and angled panels with a traversing turret affixed on the superstructure roof. The track-over-wheel arrangement exhibited six, double-tired road wheels, a forward-mounted drive sprocket and a rear-mounted track idler. Three track return rollers were used along each hull side. The engine was fitted to the rear of the hull.

The Type 92 appeared at a time in military history when many cavalry-based components were entering a period of modernization, essentially brought about by more viable mechanized vehicles stemming from actions in World War 1 (1914-1918). The Interwar period saw many designs emerge which intended to bring about protection, speed and firepower through wheeled and tracked designs. Light tanks and "tankettes" initially proved the norm, their speed becoming vital to any fast-moving offensive alongside infantry elements. One of the most influential of the tankette designs emerged from Britain under the Carden-Loyd Brand label.

After years of experimentation, the Type 92 emerged from testing and research as a viable end-product for the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA). As can be expected with any first locally-designed and produced product, the Type 92 was initially fraught with mechanical problems which limited the type in service and popularity. With the relatively few built, these were pressed into military action in Manchuria with adequate results - mechanical issues continued and both armament and armor protection proved light. Additionally, as a fast tankette, the vehicle's top speed left something to be desired when compared to her contemporaries. As time soon passed the design by, a more modern tank system was adopted in the Type94 Te Ke series. In comparison, 823 of these vehicles were built to the Type 92's 167 units.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha Armored Car / Tankette / Light Tank Tracked Combat Vehicle.
1 x Mitsubishi / Ishikawajima In6 air-cooled 6-cylinder gasoline engine developing 45 horsepower.
Installed Power
25 mph
40 kph
Road Speed
124 miles
200 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha Armored Car / Tankette / Light Tank Tracked Combat Vehicle.
3
(MANNED)
Crew
12.9 ft
3.94 meters
O/A Length
5.3 ft
1.63 meters
O/A Width
6.1 ft
1.86 meters
O/A Height
7,760 lb
3,520 kg | 3.9 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha Armored Car / Tankette / Light Tank Tracked Combat Vehicle.
1 x 13.2mm Type 92 heavy machine gun
1 x 7.7mm Type 91 general purpose machine gun
AMMUNITION:
Not Available.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha family line.
Type 92 - Base Series Designation
Type 92 A-I-Go - Experimental Amphibious Tank
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 167 Units

Contractor(s): Mitsubishi - Imperial Japan
National flag of modern Japan

[ Imperial Japan ]
1 / 1
Image of the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha
Image courtesy of the Public Domain.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
INFANTRY SUPPORT
ARMOR CAR / SECURITY
TANK-vs-TANK
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha Armored Car / Tankette / Light Tank Tracked Combat Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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