×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
X-TANK

2B1 Oka


Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) (1957)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The ultimately-abandoned 2B1 Oka tracked self-propelled artillery system mounted a massive 420mm main gun barrel.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/08/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The 2B1 "Oka" was a short-lived, heavy-class, self-propelled gun system developed by the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War. Such large-caliber guns had proven the norm for decades and found renewed importance during World War 1 and into the interwar years leading up to World War 2. The French, British, Americans and Germans all became keen on the prospects of large-caliber guns and, while their tactical use was severely restricted, their simple existence often proved a psychological tool against civilian populations they might target.

A prototype of the 2B1 system was unveiled in 1957 at the legendary Kirov Plant in St. Petersburg, Russia. The 2B1 Oka's operating principle was relatively simple - to lob large explosive projectiles against target areas deep within enemy territory - as far away as 45 kilometers according to her design. The 2B1 made use of a mammoth 420mm cannon installation mounted to a tracked hull. The gun mount sat at the center of the hull roof. Eight double-tired road wheels dotted the track sides with each pair heavily strutted to counter both weight and recoil. The drive sprocket was mounted to the front of the track system with the track idler at the rear and at least four track return rollers were used. Heavy duty recoil struts straddled the main gun at its base and the gunnery crew would have operated in the elements for no cover was afforded - the 2B1 was essentially a rolling gunnery stage and nothing else. No muzzle brake was fitted to the smooth barrel system which was not tapered in any way. A single V12 diesel-fueled engine would have supplied up to 700 horsepower.

On paper, her self-propelled nature would have made her somewhat mobile and her lethal reach could have proven devastating but, in practice, there emerged too many deficiencies in her design. The long gun barrel made even basic transport of the vehicle highly impractical and the violent recoil of such a weapon stressed the gun mount, hull and track components to their extremes - leading to consistent failures of said systems in testing. Even the required large 420mm projectiles made any attainable sustained rate-of-fire impossible to continue for stretches by the seven-man crew. The single engine worked against the vehicle's weight of 55 tons and would have made her extremely limited tactically - especially when attempting to go off road. The end result became a machine of war that was more trouble than it was worth, resulting in its cancellation in 1960.

Like the Americans, the Soviets elected instead to focus financing and resources towards the development of newer battlefield missiles that could do the same job as the 2B1 Oka while reaching out to distances that would have proven impossible by projectile-based systems. At any rate, the 2B1 Oka became a novel attempt that was destined to fall to the pages of military history.

Specifications



Service Year
1957

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Crew
7
CREWMEN
Production
1
UNITS


Leningrad Kirov Plant LKZ - Soviet Union
National flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.
Special Purpose
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.


Height
9.8 ft
3 m
Weight
121,916 lb
55,300 kg
Tonnage
61.0 tons
HEAVY
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base 2B1 Oka production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x V12 diesel engine developing 700 horsepower.
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base 2B1 Oka production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 420mm main gun barrel.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of an artillery gun tube/barrel


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.


2B1 "Oka" - Base Series Designation


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-