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SSPH 1 Primus (Singapore Self-Propelled Howitzer 1)

Self-Propelled Gun [ 2004 ]

The SSPH Pegasus self-propelled gun platform entered service with the Singapore Armed Forces in 2004.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/14/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Singapore Technologies Kinetics (ST Kinetics) has designed the SSPH 1 "Primus" (Singapore Self-Propelled Howitzer 1) to fulfill a Singapore Army requirement. Design work began in 1996 and also involved the Defence Science and Technology Agency (DSTA) as well as input from the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) itself with adoption of the vehicle announced in 2002 and formal introduction coming in 2004. The SSPH 1 was developed after a defense review of existing foreign systems then available - all of the frontrunners being capable in their own right but lacking certain qualities required by the Singapore Army. As a result an indigenous approach was taken.

By all accounts, the SSPH 1 is a largely conventional Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH). It features a multi-wheeled track-over-wheel arrangement seeing seven double-tired road wheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket at front and track idler at rear. The hull contains the engine at front-right with the driver at front-left. Additional crew - the commander, gunner, and loader - are seated in the boxy turret structure mounting the 155mm NATO-compatible main gun (with double-baffled muzzle brake). The gun is supported through an automatic interrupted screw design with an electronic rammer in play. This provides for a semi-automatic loading action which helps to reduce crew fatigue in action and maintain a reasonable rate-of-fire. An all-modern ballistics computer is also featured. A 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) is carried on the turret roof for local defense as are smoke grenade dischargers.©MilitaryFactory.com
The mounting hardware for the main gun allows for an elevation span of -5 to +75 degrees with full 360-degree traversal. Rate-of-fire is approximately six rounds maximum with sustained fire in the 2 rpm range and burst fire (over a 20 second span) in the 3 rpm range. Projectiles can reach out to 19 miles with rocket-assist.

The finalized hull structure features armor protection up to 25mm thick and a well-sloped glacis plate. Dimensions include a length of 33 feet (with gun forwards), a width of 9 feet, 10 inches, and a height to turret top of 10 feet, 9 inches. Combat weight is listed at 31 tons (short). The SSPH 1 chassis is believed to be based on that of the American M109 "Paladin" SPH.

Power to the vehicle is through a Detroit Diesel 6V 92TA series diesel-fueled engine developing 550 horsepower. This supplies the SSPH 1 with a maximum road speed of 31 miles per hour with a 220 mile road range. The powerpack is said to be similar to one already in use by the ST Kinetics Bionix Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) detailed elsewhere on this site.

Since inception, the SSPH 1 has stocked the inventory of the Singapore Army through the 21st Battalion Singapore Artillery.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Singapore national flag graphic


Singapore Technologies Kinetics (ST Kinetics) - Singapore
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Singapore Singapore
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.

33.5 ft
10.21 m
9.8 ft
3 m
10.8 ft
3.28 m
68,784 lb
31,200 kg
34.4 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the SSPH 1 Primus production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Detroit Diesel Corporation 6V 92TA diesel engine delivering 550 horsepower.
31.1 mph
(50.0 kph)
217.5 mi
(350.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the SSPH 1 Primus production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 155mm main gun
1 x 7.62mm roof-mounted machine gun
6 x Smok Grenade Dischargers

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
26 x 155mm projectiles
2,500 x 7.62mm ammunition
6 x Smoke Grenades

SSPH 1 "Primus" ("Singapore Self-Propelled Howitzer 1") - Base Production Series Designation.

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