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WORLD WAR 2

Infantry Tank Mk III Valentine


Infantry Tank (1940)


Land Systems / Battlefield

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Jump-to: Specifications

The Valentine Infantry Tank was heavily utilized in a variety of battlefield functions.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/17/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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Considered one of the more successful British tank designs of the early war years, the Valentine series served both British and Soviet forces effectively. British forces first fielded the system in Operation Crusader, in which forces were sent to relieve their comrades at beleaguered Tobruk. The Valentine would prove its effectiveness as an infantry tank throughout Africa and in the jungles of Burma as well, showing up Japanese armor in the process.

With over 8,000 produced of the type, the Valentine was a direct result of a British need to field an infantry tank based on the A10 design preceding it and to replace the aging Matilda tanks. Offered up as a proposal on St. Valentine's Day of 1938, the system was accepted into production thanks to the expediency to which it could be produced over the more complicated Matildas. Production began in 1940 in an effort to refit British units after heavy losses incurred throughout battles in France.

The Soviet Union received some 2,690 models of the Valentine - most from Canadian production lines - whilst later replacing them en mass with American Shermans. Additionally, the Valentine system appeared with Indian, New Zealand and Free French forces on a variety of fronts.

The chassis of the base Valentine produced a plethora of variants. Some notable additions to the Valentine family would include the Scorpion Flail Tank, the Bishop self-propelled guns and training vehicles converted from amphibious designs. Additionally, the Valentine would appear in ten marks varying in engine types and armament. The series proved to be highly successful over their Japanese counterparts in the Pacific, particularly in Burma, though fighting equally well in desert environments.

Specifications



Service Year
1940

Origin
United Kingdom national flag graphic
United Kingdom

Crew
3
CREWMEN
Production
8,275
UNITS


Vickers - UK / Canada
National flag of Australia National flag of Canada National flag of Czechia National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Iran National flag of New Zealand National flag of Poland National flag of Portugal National flag of Romania National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Turkey National flag of the United Kingdom Australia; Canada; Czechoslovakia; Iran; Nazi Germany (captured); New Zealand; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Soviet Union; Turkey; United Kingdom
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Medium Tank
Design providing enhanced armor protection and firepower over that of lightweight offerings - but lacking the general capabilities of heavier solutions.
Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.


Length
19.3 ft
5.89 m
Width
8.6 ft
2.63 m
Height
7.4 ft
2.27 m
Weight
38,078 lb
17,272 kg
Tonnage
19.0 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Valentine Mark III production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x AEC 6-Cylinder diesel engine developing 131 horsepower OR 1 x AEC6-cylinder gasoline engine developing 135 horsepower OR 1 x GMS 6-cylinder diesel engine developing 135 horsepower.
Speed
14.9 mph
(24.0 kph)
Range
90.1 mi
(145.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Valentine Mark III production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 40mm (2-pdr) main gun
1 x 7.92mm machine gun


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
79 x 40mm projectiles
1,575 x 7.92mm ammunition


Mark I - Fitted with petrol engines; 350 produced in this fashion; 2pdr/40mm main gun.
Mark II - Fitted with diesel engines; 700 produced in this fashion.
Mark III - Featured a four-man turret
Mark IV - Canadian-produced model
Mark V - New powerplant fitted
Mark VIII - Introduction of new 6-pdr/57mm main gun.
Mark X - Introduction of a machine gun to the turret construction.
Mark XI - Final Production Variant; fitted with 75mm main gun.
"Bishop" - Self-Propelled Gun Variant fitted with either 25-pdr or 57mm main guns.
"Scorpion" Flail Tank - Mine Clearing Tank; derived from Valentine Mk I and Mk II models; 150 produced.
Amphibious Valentine - Some 650 produced; most relegated to crew training.


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