Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V

Long-Range, High-Altitude Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System

Soviet Union | 1988

"The SA-12 Gladiator SAM system was developed by Soviet industry as a long-range anti-ballistic missile defense system while also retaining an anti-aircraft capability."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/27/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The S-300V (NATO codename of SA-12 Gladiator or Giant) was developed by the Soviets during the Cold War period (1947-1991) as part of the wider-ranging S-300 Anti-Aircraft (AA) Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) defensive-minded line of vehicles. This series, however, ultimately emerged as a completely different form from the multi-wheeled S-300 airspace denial units. It was given to a different developer and manufacturer than those of the S-300 family while featuring altogether different missiles - the 9M82 "Giant" and the 9M83 "Gladiator". Two- and four-shot launcher forms were devised and the types have been fielded in the anti-ballistic missile role while also being able to provide protection against inbound aerial threats - such as aircraft and cruise missiles - at long range. It still sees service on today's battlefields despite its Cold War roots.

The S-300V series was taken into service in 1983 and full-strength was eventually before the end of the decade; around 1988.

The S-300V utilizes the chassis of the MT-T carrier tracked combat vehicle. The tracked nature of this chassis allows it to travel cross-country easily enough while keeping pace with the main mechanized fighting force. Over the top of the vehicle are large launch tubes housing the primary armament of 9M82 "Giant" or 9M83 series missiles and the launcher is hinged along the rear edge of the hull and propped upwards when the tubes are made ready-to-fire. The missiles can not only engage at long range but also high altitude - making them doubly-dangerous. A typical SA-12 arrangement in the Soviet/Russian ranks is up to six of these launcher vehicles assigned with a target detection/designation vehicle.

China has produced a local variant of the S-300V as the "HQ-18".

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) Long-Range, High-Altitude Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System.
1 x Diesel powerplant driving track-and-wheel arrangement (MT-T tracked vehicle).
Installed Power
40 mph
65 kph
Road Speed
311 miles
500 km
The physical qualities of the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) Long-Range, High-Altitude Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System.
28.7 ft
8.75 meters
O/A Length
10.8 ft
3.3 meters
O/A Width
9.8 ft
3 meters
O/A Height
81,571 lb
37,000 kg | 40.8 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V Long-Range, High-Altitude Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System.
2 OR 4 x Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs) seated over the rear of the hull.
2 x 9M82 "Giant" OR 4 x 9M83 "Gladiator" missiles depending on carrier vehicle.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V family line.
S-300V (Antey-300) - Base Designation; mobile and fixed launcher forms available.
SA-12B "Giant" - NATO Designation of two-tube model featuring the 9M82 Giant missile series; 9A84 LLV vehicle.
SA-12 "Gladiator" - NATO Designation of four-tube model featuring the 9M83 Gladiator missile series; 9A85 LLV vehicle.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 600 Units

Contractor(s): State Factories - Soviet Union / Russia / China
National flag of China National flag of Russia National flag of the Soviet Union

[ China (HQ-18); Russia; Soviet Union ]
1 / 1
Image of the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V Long-Range, High-Altitude Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)