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8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

Canada | 2016

"The LAV-6 has been selected by the Canadian Army to succeed an aging stock of LAV-II and LAV-III vehicles in same role."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/04/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The original Light Armored Vehicle, or LAV, was developed by General Dynamics Land Systems - Canada (GDLS-C) and debuted in 1976 seeing nearly 500 units built for operators round the globe. The 11-ton vehicle was centered around a 6x6 wheeled chassis with adaptable mission equipment and armament, making it a versatile addition to any one service. Three major marks were ultimately manufactured, these as the Cougar, Grizzly, and Husky.

In time, the series was revisited and upgraded to produce the 14-ton "LAV-II" which resulted in a more versatile 8x8 wheeled configuration. This form was introduced into service in the 1980s. The USMC selected the type and operated it under the "LAV-25" designation. Meanwhile, the Canadians also took to the type under the "Coyote" and "Bison" names while Australia followed with their "ASLAV".

While the vehicle has continued on in active service, the earlier marks are from a design rooted in Cold War doctrine and armored warfare theory, leading to an all-new model, the LAV-6, coming online in 2016. Based in the LAV-III, the military truck continues to utilize an 8x8 wheeled arrangement and couples this with a more modular mission equipment approach which includes broader support for modern weapons. Design work on the mark spanned from 2009 to 2011 to which pilot vehicles followed in 2013 before formal service acceptance. The truck continues to be manufactured under the GDLS-C brand label and has been selected by the Canadian Army to succeed its aging line of LAV-II and LAV-III trucks to be fielded in the Infantry Fighting Role (IFV).

The revised model tips the scales at 23 tons and has a running length of 25.8 feet with a beam of 10.7 feet and a height of 10.8 feet. Internally, there is an operating crew of three with seating for eight passengers under light protection. Over the hull roof is a powered turret emplacement which features a 25mm M242 Bushmaster automatic cannon with 7.62mm co-axial machine gun mounting. The Bushmaster fitting can be replaced with a Remote Weapon Station (RWS). The truck is powered by a single Caterpillar C9 series 6-cylinder turbocharged diesel-fueled engine to 450 horsepower, driving the vehicle to speeds of 60 miles-per-hour out to a range of 370 miles.

The 8x8 wheeled configuration gives this IFV a go-anywhere capability, the system able to keep pace with the main fighting force or operate independently. The chassis is suspended by way of an independent hydropneumatic system.

Externally, the LAV-6 retains the proven form and function of the original. Roadwheels are large and ground clearance is excellent. The glacis plate is shallow and broad with the driver seated at front-left and the engine to his right. This frees the middle-rear hull for the turret, ammunition, onboard systems, and passenger seating. Beyond the traditional hatches fitted to the hull roof and turret, there is a larger, more conventional entry at the rear hull facing. The sides of the hull can accommodate everything from pioneer tools to extra fuel. The cheek sections of the turret seat twin banks of four smoke grenade dischargers.

The LAV-6 has a line of sub-variants under it that includes the base Infantry Section Carrier (ISC) followed by a Command Post, Observation Post, Engineering, and SHOrt-Range Air Defense (SHORAD) form (among others) - such is its versatility.

Similarly, the "Armoured Combat Support Vehicle" (ACSV) is a parallel variant of the base LAV-6. This design showcases its own set of sub-variants that includes a troop-cargo carrier, Command Post, Mobile Repair Team, and Electronic Warfare form among others.

The Canadian Army is the primary operator of the LAV-6 series to date (2023) while a modest stock has been sent by the country to Ukraine to further the defense of the country against Russian aggression. At least 39 have been shipped and these are known locally as the "Super Bison". For its part, the Canadian Army has on hand over 600 LAV-6 hulls with a further 350 or so still to be delivered.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the LAV-6 8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
1 x Caterpillar C9 6-cylidner turbocharged diesel engine driving 8x8 all-wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
25 mph
40 kph
Road Speed
373 miles
600 km
The physical qualities of the LAV-6 8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
25.6 ft
7.8 meters
O/A Length
10.8 ft
3.3 meters
O/A Width
10.8 ft
3.3 meters
O/A Height
45,636 lb
20,700 kg | 22.8 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV) 8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
1 x 25mm M242 Bushmaster automatic cannon in turret front face OR 1 x C6 GPMG Remote Weapon Station (RWS) powered turret on hull roof.
1 x 7.62mm C6 co-axial machine gun in front turret face (right of main gun armament).
210 x 25mm projectiles.
2,200 x 7.62mm ammunition.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES - OPTIONAL.
Notable series variants as part of the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV) family line.
LAV-6 - Base Series Designation.
LAV-6 CE - Combat Engineering Vehicle.
LAV-6 CP - Command Post vehicle.
LAV-6 CRV - Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle form.
LAV-6 ISC - Infantry Section Carrier form.
LAV-6 OPV - Observation Post Vehicle form.
LAV-6 RECCE - Reconnaissance variant.
LAV-6 SHORAD - SHOrt-Range Air Defense variant.
"Super Bison" - Ukrainian Army version.
LAV-III UP - Upgraded LAV-III series vehicles to form LAV-6 pilot vehicles.
ACSV AA - Armoured Ambulance variant.
ACSV CP - Command Post variant.
ACSV EV - Engineering Vehicle variant.
ACSV EW - Electronic Warfare variant.
ACSV FCV - Fitter-Cargo Vehicle variant.
ACSV MRT - Mobile Repair Team vehicle.
ACSV MRV - Maintenance and Recovery Vehicle variant.
ACSV TCV - Troop-Cargo Vehicle variant.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 200 Units

Contractor(s): General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS) Canada - Canada
National flag of Canada National flag of Ukraine

[ Canada; Ukraine ]
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Image of the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV)
Image from official GDLS-Canada marketing materials.

Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV) 8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
Going Further...
The GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV) 8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) appears in the following collections:
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