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8x8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) [ 2016 ]

The LAV-6 has been selected by the Canadian Army to succeed an aging stock of LAV-II and LAV-III vehicles in same role.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/04/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The original Light Armored Vehicle, or LAV, was developed by General Dynamics Land Systems - Canada (GDLS-C) and debuted in 1976 seeing nearly 500 units built for operators round the globe. The 11-ton vehicle was centered around a 6x6 wheeled chassis with adaptable mission equipment and armament, making it a versatile addition to any one service. Three major marks were ultimately manufactured, these as the Cougar, Grizzly, and Husky.

In time, the series was revisited and upgraded to produce the 14-ton "LAV-II" which resulted in a more versatile 8x8 wheeled configuration. This form was introduced into service in the 1980s. The USMC selected the type and operated it under the "LAV-25" designation. Meanwhile, the Canadians also took to the type under the "Coyote" and "Bison" names while Australia followed with their "ASLAV".

While the vehicle has continued on in active service, the earlier marks are from a design rooted in Cold War doctrine and armored warfare theory, leading to an all-new model, the LAV-6, coming online in 2016. Based in the LAV-III, the military truck continues to utilize an 8x8 wheeled arrangement and couples this with a more modular mission equipment approach which includes broader support for modern weapons. Design work on the mark spanned from 2009 to 2011 to which pilot vehicles followed in 2013 before formal service acceptance. The truck continues to be manufactured under the GDLS-C brand label and has been selected by the Canadian Army to succeed its aging line of LAV-II and LAV-III trucks to be fielded in the Infantry Fighting Role (IFV).

The revised model tips the scales at 23 tons and has a running length of 25.8 feet with a beam of 10.7 feet and a height of 10.8 feet. Internally, there is an operating crew of three with seating for eight passengers under light protection. Over the hull roof is a powered turret emplacement which features a 25mm M242 Bushmaster automatic cannon with 7.62mm co-axial machine gun mounting. The Bushmaster fitting can be replaced with a Remote Weapon Station (RWS). The truck is powered by a single Caterpillar C9 series 6-cylinder turbocharged diesel-fueled engine to 450 horsepower, driving the vehicle to speeds of 60 miles-per-hour out to a range of 370 miles.

The 8x8 wheeled configuration gives this IFV a go-anywhere capability, the system able to keep pace with the main fighting force or operate independently. The chassis is suspended by way of an independent hydropneumatic system.

Externally, the LAV-6 retains the proven form and function of the original. Roadwheels are large and ground clearance is excellent. The glacis plate is shallow and broad with the driver seated at front-left and the engine to his right. This frees the middle-rear hull for the turret, ammunition, onboard systems, and passenger seating. Beyond the traditional hatches fitted to the hull roof and turret, there is a larger, more conventional entry at the rear hull facing. The sides of the hull can accommodate everything from pioneer tools to extra fuel. The cheek sections of the turret seat twin banks of four smoke grenade dischargers.

The LAV-6 has a line of sub-variants under it that includes the base Infantry Section Carrier (ISC) followed by a Command Post, Observation Post, Engineering, and SHOrt-Range Air Defense (SHORAD) form (among others) - such is its versatility.

Similarly, the "Armoured Combat Support Vehicle" (ACSV) is a parallel variant of the base LAV-6. This design showcases its own set of sub-variants that includes a troop-cargo carrier, Command Post, Mobile Repair Team, and Electronic Warfare form among others.

The Canadian Army is the primary operator of the LAV-6 series to date (2023) while a modest stock has been sent by the country to Ukraine to further the defense of the country against Russian aggression. At least 39 have been shipped and these are known locally as the "Super Bison". For its part, the Canadian Army has on hand over 600 LAV-6 hulls with a further 350 or so still to be delivered.©MilitaryFactory.com
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General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS) Canada - Canada
Canada; Ukraine
Operators National flag of Canada National flag of Ukraine
Service Year
National Origin
Project Status

Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.

Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility particularly on paved roads.
A modern tank quality, this vehicle sports its main armament in a single turret, typically traversable with an elevation capability in-built.
Armament is situated in a traversing component, allowing for all-around engagement of enemy threats regardless of the vehicle's facing.
Main weapon has an integral recoil mechanism, allowing the system to remain trained-on-target after firing.
A modern quality, onboard systems provide accuracy to primary armament allowing for firing on-the-move.
System can enter and traverse open water sources - either rivers, lakes, and streams; Amphibious Assault operation support.
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
Angled armor at key facings adds inherent ballistics protection to the vehicle.
The shallow design of the glacis plate provides the vehicle with inherent ballistics protection as well as contributes to a lower overall profile - making it more difficult to disable.
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Chemical-Biological-Radiological-Nuclear agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Vehicle has capability to self-generate a smoke screen, either through launched grenades or built-in engine funtion (raw fuel injection).
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Vehicle features an in-built anti-infantry capability for local defense of the vehicle or general troop suppression.
Vehicle (or its variants) has an inherent troop-carrying capability, providing protected cover for embarked allies in contested areas.
Vehicle allows occupants to engage outside targets from within the confines (and safety) of the vehicle.
Vehicle's proven running gear and overall makeup lends itself well to fulfill other battlefield roles by way of specialized designs.

25.6 ft
(7.8 meters)
10.8 ft
(3.3 meters)
10.8 ft
(3.3 meters)
45,636 lb
(20,700 kg)
22.8 tons

1 x Caterpillar C9 6-cylidner turbocharged diesel engine driving 8x8 all-wheeled arrangement.
Drive System
25 mph
(40 kph)
Road Speed
373 miles
(600 km)
Road Range

1 x 25mm M242 Bushmaster automatic cannon in turret front face OR 1 x C6 GPMG Remote Weapon Station (RWS) powered turret on hull roof.
1 x 7.62mm C6 co-axial machine gun in front turret face (right of main gun armament).
210 x 25mm projectiles.
2,200 x 7.62mm ammunition.

LAV-6 - Base Series Designation.
LAV-6 CE - Combat Engineering Vehicle.
LAV-6 CP - Command Post vehicle.
LAV-6 CRV - Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle form.
LAV-6 ISC - Infantry Section Carrier form.
LAV-6 OPV - Observation Post Vehicle form.
LAV-6 RECCE - Reconnaissance variant.
LAV-6 SHORAD - SHOrt-Range Air Defense variant.
"Super Bison" - Ukrainian Army version.
LAV-III UP - Upgraded LAV-III series vehicles to form LAV-6 pilot vehicles.
ACSV AA - Armoured Ambulance variant.
ACSV CP - Command Post variant.
ACSV EV - Engineering Vehicle variant.
ACSV EW - Electronic Warfare variant.
ACSV FCV - Fitter-Cargo Vehicle variant.
ACSV MRT - Mobile Repair Team vehicle.
ACSV MRV - Maintenance and Recovery Vehicle variant.
ACSV TCV - Troop-Cargo Vehicle variant.

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Image of the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV)
Image from official GDLS-Canada marketing materials.


Developments of similar form and function or related to the GDLS-C LAV-6 (LAV-VI / ACSV)...

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